IR 212 Lecture 1: Lecture 1

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7 Feb 2017

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IR 212 Class Notes
Week 1- Lecture 1
Thursday 12th Jan
Key Terms:
- Global Governance and world order
- The new world order
- America as a beacon and America as a crusader
- The perspective of an analyst and the perspective of a statesman
Case study: Gaddafi vs the West
Kissinger reading More focused on states
Kolodziej reading less focused on states
Kissinger world order:
- In Europe there was an equilibrium and post WW2 the U.S became hegemonic and
never had to deal with the balance of power
- A balance between states is the essence of world order, particularly great states
- Great powers are essentially in charge of the world order
Kolodziej World order:
- The rules and institutes that monitor, regulate and govern the actors in society
- Elements include:
Complex web of nation states, dynamic global capitalist market, globally connected in civil
and uncivil societies.
- World order stability is not the same as peace
- Historically great powers have had the most say
- The type of order to seek is contested between different actors interests and ideals
The cold war
· China became a communist country in 1949 broke away from soviet control in the mid
1950’s, broke away from soviet hegemony unlike Cuba and Germany. Revolted from the
Soviet Union
· US sphere much larger than the soviet sphere, US hegemony = empire by invitation in
Europe. Made sure politics of Western Europe to the US remained friendly.
· The US used political support, military aid ect to make sure the west was kept at bay and
the Soviet couldn’t pull them away
· During the Cold war: united nations kept international order
- Attempt to create international phorum for the great powers to make agreements which
are mutually beneficial
- General assembly = all states
- Security council = 15 member states, 10 elected out of the general assembly and 5
states thought to be the victors of WW2 who are always in the security council (US, China,
England, Russia and France )
- The 5 always in the security council, original UN, special status, permeant states with the
power of a vito
· During the cold way the UN did not live up to potential because US and Soviet Union
would vito resolutions made that favoured the other side
· After the cold war: ideological split now able to use the UN as the peak institution for
global governanace
· The gulf war at the end of the Cold war, Saddam Hussain invaded Kuwait
· UN security council decided the UN would amount a collective global operation to eject
Saddam Hussein = model for new world order
- World order is not peach
- Peace is the absence of fighting
e.g The gulf wat is an example of world order
State challenged international order UN collectively responds to criminal act and resolves it
e.g crime everyday is a threat to the order but there still is an order
Police solve crimes
Overall picture remains stable
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