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Lecture 1

PSYC 437 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Compulsory Education, Child Protection, Protected Group

Course Code
PSYC 437
David Schwartz

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Social Development:
The Inventionist Perspective:
-Adolescence is a social construct that is dened by societal attitudes
and expectations.
The role of historical forces and change:
Industrial Revolution: Critical to the invention of adolescence, kids
were no longer needed in the workforce because of machines. There is
now leisure time.
Child Protection Laws: The removal of children in the work force. Child
protection laws make adolescence a protected group
Compulsory Education: Before, high school was something reserved for
the privileged; no one else was required to go to school. After the law,
all adolescents were required to go to school. Adolescence is being
invented by compulsory education
Juvenile Deliquency Laws: An adult can be charged for a crime
di*erently than an adolescent
Change in Status:
Historical changes in values and social roles shape the nature of
Interpersonal: Your status socially (example: the children’s table
and adult’s table during thanksgiving)
Political: Voting Rights
Legal: Laws that separate children rom adults
Economic: Financial stability.
Youth and emerging adulthood:
Adolescence may be now be a precursor to youth
Youth is a stage that includes individuals who are fully developed
form a cognitive and biological perspective but have not yet
negotiated the SDT’s of adulthood. (Intimacy, career stability,
and identity)
The world has become so complex and we get it together much
later in life. It’s not until these are all gured out what you are an
Continuity and clarity in the transition to adolescence
: The distinctiveness of the transition to adolescence. Is there a
clear demarcation between childhood and adolescence?
: How di*erent are the social roles of adolescence from the
social roles of adulthood and childhood?
Kurt Lewin’s notion of the marginal man
The individual who is on the boundary with some childlike roles
and some adult roles, but his role in the society is not clear
Adolescence is a transitional period between childhood and
Continuity in Adolescence: Ruth Benedict and Margaret Mead:
Continuous transitions
: Gradual changes with the adolescent
slowly assuming more of the rights and responsibilities of
Discontinuous Transitions
: Sudden shifts between adolescence
and adulthood
The anthropological perspective:
According to Benedict and Mead, the nature of adolescence
di*ers across industrialized and non-industrialized cultures.
In western cultures, adolescents have a di*erent role than adults
– an adolescent will go from full time economic dependency to
full time employment
In other society, the adolescent gradually takes on the role of the