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Lecture 1

PSYC 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Gustav Fechner, Tabula Rasa, Behavioral NeurosciencePremium

2 pages70 viewsSpring 2017

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 101
Professor
Pearlberg Steven
Lecture
1

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Chapter 1: THE SCIENCE OF THE MIND
Mind - The brain and its activities, including thought, emotion, and behavior
Psychology - The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Introspection - Personal observation of your own thoughts, feelings, and behavior
Behavior - Actions that we can observe
Philosophy - Systematically examines basic concepts including the source of knowledge
Natural Science - Science that studies the physical and biological events that occur in nature
Philosophy and Psychology:
Is the mind inborn or formed through experience?
Rene Descartes (1596 -1650)
o Ideas and emotions are innate or inborn
Aristotle (384-322 BC)
o All knowledge gained through sensory experience
Empiricism (British)
o Viewed mind as "blank slate"
o Knowledge is a result of experience
Nature vs. Nurture
o Mind is a result of both
Herman Von Helmoltz (1821 - 1894)
o Speed of nerve signaling - evidence that the mind has a physical basis
Gustav Fechner (1801 - 1889)
o Identified softest sound humans can hear
Greek Philosophers - Provided natural explanations for their observations
Ancient Physicians - The brain is the source of the mind
17th -18th century natural scientists discoveries about sensation and movement showed that
the mind was physical
Types of Psychology
1. Biopsychology - Sleep research (EEG, EOG, EMG) - always good to have multiple sources
to prove
2. Evolutionary Psychology - Why we do certain behaviors and how it can be traced back to
our ancestors
3. Cognitive Psychology - Not so much the function of the brain, but the output -
understanding, memory…
4. Social Psychology - Ex: Bystander Effect
5. Developmental Psychology - Do we change in stages? At a linear rate?
6. Clinical and Individual Differences - 2-4% of people in the world
Scientific Method:
1. Literature Review
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