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Human Evolution.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT 301
Professor
Chris Kirk
Semester
Spring

Description
Human Evolution Wednesday, April 03, 2013 2:11 PM Raymond Dart •Story of the human fossil record starts in earnest with this guy. •Taung cave. Found brain case and other bones. •Taung Child: Australopithecus africanus •Dart claimed 2 things about the juvenile Australopithecus africanus from Taung: 1. Endocast more human than ape-like 2. Foramen magnum placed forward • Evidence for bipedalism? •Reaction of scientific community: o Who is this crazy Australian? o Taung child is fossil of chimp o Why did they think this? • Racism • Belief that increase in brain size would come before bipedalism • "Piltdown man" - Eoanthropus dawsoni (was a joke) Robert Broom •Scottish MD and Paleontologist •1934: started work at Transvaal Museum •New Site: Sterkfontein •Sterkfontein: Adult Au. africanus cranium ("Mrs. Ples" - 1947) 2.5 Million Years old o Lo
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