C C 303 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Utopia, Etiology, Wild Beasts

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Culture, Prehistory, and the Myth of the Great Goddess
Mesopotamian Influence
Hittite, kingship in Heaven, song of Ullikummi
Anu (Alalu) , Kumarbi, Teshub
3 male gods succession similar to Ouranos, Cronos, and Zeus
Castration and swallowing
Kumarbi swallows penis comes Teshub
Similar to Cronos swallowing his kids
Ouranos gets castrated and penis thrown away, comes Aphrodite
Ullikummi vs. Tessub
Tyhpoios (Typhon) vs. zeus
Tessub (sky god) brings civilization by “taming” wild idea
Minoan Culture (c. 2,000 to 1470 BC)
Sir Arthur Evans (1851-1941)
Thalassocracy on Crete
Knossos and its Palace
(famous Minoan places in Greek myths)
Linear A and Linear B
A: can’t translate
B: Mycenaean language we did decipher
Crete in Greek Myth
Buxton: myths are Dayless and the Labyrinth, the Minotaur and ___
Minoan Art and Greek Myth
Doesn’t know a lot
“Bull Ritual” of the Palace of Knossos (art)
People think it is a ritual but maybe not, we don’t know what they really
thought about it back then
Linear B doesn’t say what it is
Depiction of the Minotaur Labyrinth
Labyrinth
Labrys
Double sworded axe
Palace of Knossos
Complete structure looks kinda like a maze
Labyrinth maybe? So it’s a related to Minoan Minotaur myth
Linear B Cnossos (1400-1200 BC)
Zeus
Hermes
Ares
Dionysos the fire altar
Poseidon
Potnia of the Labyrinth
Potnia Athene
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