CSD 306K Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Speech Disorder, Language Disorder, Pragmatics

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A"written"language"by"itself"is"a"language"in"it's"entirety"
ASL"doesn't"have"a"written"form"but"it"is"also"a"complete"language"
""
Dialectal"differences/variations"does"not"mean"that"you"have"a"speech"disorder,"it"is"correct"in"their"
language"
""
It"is"possible"to"have"a"speech"disorder"and"to"carry"it"over"to"another"language"
""
Language"has"to"do"with"meaning"and"not"how"you"say"sounds"
""
Language"disorders"can"be"more"detrimental"than"speech"disorders,"because"if"you"have"a"problem"
conveying"meaning"it"will"tie"into"everything"
Parts"of"Language"
Form"-"the"structure"of"language"
o Syntax"-"linguistic"conventions"of"organizing"word"order"(grammar)"
o Also"includes"Phonology"and"Morphology"
Content"-"the"components"of"language"as"it"relates"to"MEANING"
o Semantics"-"linguistic"representation"of"objects,"ideas,"feelings,"events"(think:"meaning"
attached"to"words)"
Lexicon"-"mental"dictionary"of"words"
Use"-"concerns"the"goals"of"language,"and"the"means"why"which"we"choose"to"communicate"ideas"
o Pragmatics"-"the"social"conventions"that"help"us"determine"how"to"stay"what"to"who"
""
Language"is"all"about"MEANING""
You"don’t"necessarily"need"speech"to"use"LANGUAGE."
o Semantics"and"Pragmatics"are"a"HUGE"part"of"language"
o Body"Language""
o Non"verbal"communications"
o Symbolic"gestures"
o Etc."
""
Speech""
Speech:"(definition)"
""
Building"Blocks"of"Speech""
Phonemes"-"the"sounds"of"a"language"that"cause"change"in"meaning"(think:"consonants"and"
vowels)"
Syllables"-"units"of"speech"that"consist"of"both"consonants"and"vowels"(ba,"di,"ku,"etc.)"
Prosody"-"changes"in"pitch,"stress,"intensity,"and"duration"of"sounds"(think:"melody"of"speech)"NOTE:"
Sometimes"we"can"include"prosodySpeech"is"all"about"SOUND"
Speech"is"sometimes"used"to"express"language"
However,"you"can"create"speech"without"any"meaning"
o Agga"boooga"snalaku"
And…"Speech"without"meaning"can"be"used"to"communicate""
o Think:"babies"
o Or"think:"EEEEEEEEEEEK!"
Sometimes"speech"can"interfere"with"language,"hearing"becomes"every"bit"as"important"to"decode"such"
language"(Pygmalion)"
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