CSD 308K Lecture 12: Lecture 12

14 views2 pages

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Total&Communication:&&
&&
1880's&through&approx.&1970:&Oral&philosophy,&techniques&
1970&to&late&1980's:&Total&Communication&&
Use&of&"exact"&systems&(Manually-Coded&English)&
&&
The&reason&why&deaf&education&wasn’t&working,&was&because&we&were&insisting&since&the&80s&that&
we&were&insisting&that&they&learned&Orally.&&
&&
It&was&known&that&people&who&signed&were&better&off&educationally&because&they&had&a&language&
set&up&and&they&could&communicate.&
&&
Goal&of&Oralism:&Communication&in&English,&speech&skills,&listening,&Total&Communication&
&&
In&the&original&version,&the&goal&of&deaf&education&was&the&same.&To&develop&English&literacy.&
&&
Simultaneous&communication:&when&you&translate&the&English&into&sign.&That’s&when&you&make&an&
information&redundant&channel&to&bring&the&English&to&them.&This&is&for&when&they&cant&hear&or&
cant&make&out&the&words&by&sight,&they&can&have&it&made&to&them.&Presenting&the&same&
information&in&a&variety&of&different&&ways&by&adding&an&additional&channel.&
&&
Total&Communication:&A&philosophy&requiring&the&incorporation&of&appropriate&aural,&manual&and&
oral&modes&of&communication&in&order&to&insure&effective&communication&with&and&among&hearing&
impaired&and&other&person's.&A&fancy&way&of&saying&you&talk&and&speak&at&the&same&time.&So&that&
they&can&have&the&English&brought&to&them&with&all&of&the&other&modes&still&in&place.&(taught&
language,&speech,&and&lip-reading.)&
&&
Goals&of&Total&Communication:&&
Facilitate&English&language&acquisition&
Facilitate&speech&production&
Promote&hearing&aid&
Academic&achievement,&reading&
Psychological&growth,&adjustment&(so&frustration&doesn’t&arise&because&lack&of&communication)&
Promote&bilingual,&bicultural&aspects&(seen&as&the&foot&in&the&door&about&sign&language&and&the&
deaf&culture&community)&&
&&
Features&
Use&of&some&form&of&simultaneous&communication&(manually-coded&English)&by&parents&and&
teachers&
Children&expected&(encouraged)&to&use&manually-coded&English,&but&their&use&of&ASL&is&accepted&
with&no&"penalty"&
Use&of&print&and&pictures&
&&
Simultaneous&Communication&(Manually-Coded&English)&
Exact&representation&of&English&
Finger&spelling&every&single&letter&
Just&to&do&words,&Less&exact&(maybe&too&inexact)&not&providing&enough&info&to&learn&language&lack&
of&verb&tenses&&
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class