HDF 313 Lecture 20: Families Development in Context

6 Pages

Human development and family sciences
Course Code
HDF 313
Speranza Hallie

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Child Development HDF313 Speranza 4/24/17 Families: Development in Context: Contextual – Ecological Theory Community/economics/government /religion individual Family/school/peers Every family is unique; every individual’s experience of family is unique: A complex coherent network of relationships • Parent-child, siblings, parent-parent, grandparents, etc. • All within a socio-economic context Many subsystems – individual effects members, each member affected by the whole An open dynamic system • Adding or losing members; crises • Developmental phases Cyclical influences Parenting Responsibilities: Child Development HDF313 Speranza 4/24/17 Caretaking – to meet the needs of the immature. Requires adapting because children’s developmental needs will be changing. Parents’ Channing Roles and Responsibilities: Pre-Pregnancy: • Building a harmonious parenting partnership • Developing healthy life-style Prenatal Period: • Constructing a parental identity • Nutrition, life-style, emotional preparation New Baby in the Home: • Life changing • Spousal support • Increased financial responsibilities • Increased household responsibilities First Year: • Bodily and emotional needs • Sensitive, contingent, responsive care giving nd 2 Year -> Early Childhood: • Safety for exploration • Socializing and scaffolding • Supporting self-regulation and self-discipline Middle Childhood: • Guiding children to take on personal responsibilities o Homework o Chores o Entertainment • Monitoring child outside of home: at school or with peers • Use reasoning to promote child’s understanding Adolescence: • Supervision for safety Child Development HDF313 Speranza 4/24/17 • Monitor that they are meeting their responsibilities • Support separation while maintaining connection Socialization: Parenting Styles: Diana Baumrind’s 4 Categories of Parenting Styles: Some styles are effective and others ineffective Vary according to criteria of: • Acceptance • Involvement • Control • Granting autonomy Authoritative Parenting Style Most successful parenting styles Also known as democratic Encourages independence • With limits and rules • Consistent enforcement of rules accompanied by explanation. Allow discussion • Children are encouraged to express their thoughts and feelings Warn nurturing attitude Children’s competence is fostered by parents who provide appropriate modeling and reinforce mature behavior Employ reasoning to guide children’s behavior Teach children new skill
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