IRG 320F Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Kyoto Protocol, International Monetary Fund, Nato

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IRG 320 Mar 29:
Expectations about International Organizations
International Institutions
oSet of rules that stipulate the was in which states should cooperate and compete
with each other –Mearsheimer 94/95, 8
oNegotiated by states
oTypically formalized in international agreements
oEmbodied in organizations with their own personnel and budgets
International Relations Theories (Walt, 1998)
oRealism
Self-interested states compete constantly for power or security
No power/authority over the state, can’t anticipate others actions
oLiberalism
Concerns for power are overridden by economic and political
considerations
oConstructivism
State behavior is shaped by beliefs, collective norms, and social identities
World War II
oBretton Woods (1944)
IMF
World Bank
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT/WTO)
oUnited Nations (1945)
oMarshall Plan (1947)
oNorth Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (1949)
Course Topics
oExpectations (Bretton Woods)
oState compliance (UN)
oInstitutional design (Kyoto Protocol)
Institutions
oCollaboration for mutual gains
Provide information, monitor, prevent reneging
Reduce transaction costs
oCoordination of state behavior
Establish expectations, keep track of gains
oCenters for the generation and promotion of ideas
Why do states act through IOs? (Abbott and Snidal 1998)
oCentralization
Support for state interactions
Managing substantive operations
Pooling activities
Norm elaboration and coordination
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