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Lecture

Euthyphro.pdf

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL 302
Professor
Stephen Phillips
Semester
Fall

Description
Euthyphro's Definitions of Piety The "Euthyphro dilemma": Do the gods loves piety because it is pious, or is it pious because they love it? Question for reflection: Does God command what God commands because God sees what is just and unjust by nature, or do God's commands determine the very standards of the just and the unjust, right and wrong? 1st definition: Piety =df what Euthyphro is doing, namely, prosecuting his father. Fails because: it does not show why other pious acts are pious (indeed, it does not show why Euthyphro's own act is pious). 2nd definition: Piety =df what the gods love. Fails because: (a) Euthyphro holds that the gods differ about what they love and (b) a single action cannot be both pious and not pious. 3rd definition: Piety =df what all the gods love (Compare: the right, the good is what God loves or approves of.) Fails because: (a) the reason for applying a
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