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PHL 302 (72)
Lecture

Types of Knowledge.pdf

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL 302
Professor
Stephen Phillips
Semester
Fall

Description
Some Important Distinctions 1. Two Kinds of Knowledge a priori =def does not depend for its authority upon the evidence of experience or testimony, that which is presupposed and known by reflection apart from experience (compare the geometry lessons in the Meno). Example: Nothing can both be and not be. (Russell, 88) a posteriori =def depends for its authority upon the evidence of experience Example: There are people in this room right now. 2. Two Kinds of Statements analytic =def true or false in virtue of the meaning of the words alone (so, the opposite would be contradictory) Example: "A giraffe is a long-necked animal." (See also Russell, 82) synthetic = not true or false in virtue of the meaning of the def words alone (so, the opposite would
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