Class Notes (811,052)
United States (314,462)
Sociology (253)
SOC 308 (16)

URB the drive-in culture.pdf

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Texas at Austin
SOC 308

Reading notes▯ Suburbs where criticized, called damned, culturally dead, and socially/radically segregated. they were called “sprawl” and “anti-cities”▯ ▯ ▯easons for sprawl: the need for open space, ▯ James Kunstler calls automobile suburbs “the evil empire”▯ ▯ the auto mobile changed the structure and social life of modern cities.▯ automobiles became very popular for the middle class. ▯ Cars became ones’s identity (number, cost, style, horse power)▯ ▯ sep. 9th, 1899 York Henry was the first person killed by a car.▯ ▯0,000 deaths and 2 million nonfatal injuries per year.▯ crashes became so popular it created jobs (medical, legal, insurance)▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ironmental effect: ▯ ▯ guzzled millions of barrels of oil everyday, traffic jams, turned countryside into pavement▯ ▯ social effects: ▯ ▯ long lines at pumps caused anger, depression, frustration, insecurity, and a sense of loss▯ ▯ the suburbs along with cars created a drive-in culture.▯ ▯ dominance to foreign engineers. ▯es just as common as the US. but the US lost their ▯ Interstate Highway- ▯ ▯ ▯ general motors “futurama” ▯ American road builders association (oil, rubber, asphalt, and construction industries)▯ ▯ advertising agencies)▯e created (car dealers, renters, trucking/bus concerns, banks and ▯ real estate professionals believed cars would lead to super high ways creating a lot of construction▯ interstate high way act-▯ ▯ 41,000 miles govt pay 90% 4 reasons eisenhower signed:▯ 1. current high ways unsafe▯ 2. too many traffic jams▯ 3. poor roads caused high cost transportation ▯ ▯. atomic bomb (evacuate city fast)▯ ▯ Los Angeles shape comes from 3 factors- ▯ 1. cheap land and desire for single family housing▯ 2. dispersed location of oil fields and refineries which created industrial and residential suburbs▯ 3. excellent mass transit system▯ ▯ The Garage-▯ ▯ the garages where not connected to the house at this time (before 1925)▯ses.▯ ▯ after WW2 the garage became a part of the house. car ports where popular for a short amount of time. ▯ by the 60s the garage was 1/3 the size of the house. for 2 cars and lawn and wood tools▯ ▯ The Motel-▯ ▯ ▯ By mid 1900s every city had a hotel. located at the center of the business district▯ ▯otels where the very heart of the city▯ before motels tourists would camp on the side of the road. then came camp grounds, then came cabin camps. mainly in the west and florida. ▯ ▯ after WW2 motels thrived. by 1948 there were 26000 in the US and by 1960 there were 60000. this caused hotels to close down. ▯ ▯ The Drive-in theater- ▯ ▯ ▯ Hollinshead and Smith first introduced the drive in theater on june 6th, 1933. They were ▯nable to patent the idea. by 1958 4000 drive ins popped up around the US.▯ Once drive ins became popular in the 60s and 70s. fuel cost increased as did values of land.▯ shopping malls began using their parking lots in the evenings for theaters. ▯ ▯ The gasoline service station-▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ 5 stages:▯ ▯ ▯ 1. in the beginning It was difficult to find people selling gasoline (bucketful at livery ▯ ▯ into car. it was inefficient, smelly, wasteful, and dangerous ▯ bucket through a funnel ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ 2. 1905, Laessig made a gas pump with hot water heater, hose, and gauge. ▯ ▯ S bowser made a pump that measured the outflow. a single pump was usually outside of ▯ a retail store.▯ ▯ 3. 1920-1950 service stations wher
More Less

Related notes for SOC 308

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.