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Clinton V. Jones
• How does Paula Jones ﬁt into the Lewinsky scandal?
• At this time, Clinton was governor of Arkansas
• Paula Jones was working at the registration desk
○ !According to her, Clinton noticed her and sent a state trooper to bring her to
○ !Clinton allegedly almost immediately made sexual advances to her
○ !Possibly led to hindering her advancement in her work
○ !Sued Clinton for sexual harassment
• President Clinton tried to have the case not happen while he was President of
○ !Asked for temporary immunity
○ !It would interfere with his abilities to be President due to the long process
• Court said precedent does not support temporary immunity from civil suit for
events prior to taking ofﬁce, one of the only times this has ever happened. (Teddy, Truman, and
• The court case was unlikely to occupy much of the President's time
○ Little did they know about the full scope of the issue
• Not a violation of separation of powers; court can be ﬂexible re: President's
• The big problem was with a deposition that was given in the case
○ !Paula Jones' lawyers tried to show a pattern of sexually harassing women
○ !They question Clinton, asking "Did you ever have sexual relations with this
• This list included Monica Lewinski
• He answered no "
• The conviction of impeachment fell through because of the deﬁnition of sexual
relations in the case. "
US V. Kahriger (1953)
• Federal government created a federal bookie tax
○ !If you didn't pay the tax, you broke federal law
○ !If you paid the tax, you would be saying "I'm a bookie running an illegal
• Congressional business tax of $50/yr on bookies
• Is this a tax or regulation?
○ Can taxes be regulation, or only for raising revenue?"
• Really trying to regulate bookies, not really trying to raise a lot of revenue
○ !If regulation, is this interfering with state power?
○ !It does have regulatory effect but it does raise revenue
• This is the most important aspect that makes it a tax"
○ The fact the tax may raise money from illegal intrastate gambling is irrelevant
• The court decided that taxes can be used for regulation, they don't have to be
only for the sake of raising revenue
• It is part of the taxing power! "