NURS 4325 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Job Performance, Nursing Theory, Research Question

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Published on 15 Sep 2018
School
UTA
Department
Nursing
Course
NURS 4325
Professor
Research Article Critique, Part One
The Effect of Reported Sleep, Perceived Fatigue, and Sleepiness on Cognitive Performance in a Sample
of Emergency Nurses
(Wolf, Perhats, Delao, & Martinovich, 2017)
©2018 UTA School of Nursing 1
Instructions: A major skill that is learned in this course is how to critically read and critique nursing research
articles. The purpose for critiquing an article is to critically evaluate the research process followed by the
author(s) of the assigned article. This is an information and time intensive process that is not learned
overnight. To demonstrate your skill at critiquing an article, you will complete this open-book multiple choice
assignment.
Here's how you should approach completing this week’s assignment to finish critiquing an article:
1. First, do your assigned reading in Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015) and complete the reading
worksheets early in the week. This will introduce you to the critique skills you will need for the week.
2. Skim the entire instructor assigned research article that has been posted on Blackboard for you so
that you will have an idea of what it is about. Then, for this week, re-read carefully the first half of the
article, starting with the abstract and stopping after the first paragraph of the results or “findings”
section.
3. Print this document and find the best answer to each question below based on your Grove, Gray,
and Burns (2015) assigned reading for the week and what you have read in the instructor assigned
research article.
4. Some of the questions in the critique assignment below will seem unfamiliar to you. Look up key
terms from the question in your textbook. Some examples of these terms might be: problem
statement, variables, and cross-sectional. You can also look in Chapter 12 for an example of a critical
appraisal (or critique) of a quantitative research article.
5. Once you have completed this assignment “on paper”, go into blackboard and enter your answers
by the assignment due date and time listed in the syllabus. Ignore any wording from Blackboard that
indicates that “this is a test” and carefully enter your answers from this document.
6. You will have two access attempts to record your answers. This is given to you so that if you
encounter technical difficulties on your first attempt, or you would like a second attempt to try to
improve your grade, you may do so. You will not be able to see the questions that you missed when
you submit your attempt. Blackboard will record the highest grade from the two submissions.
If you have questions about this assignment, you can post them to your group discussion board for help.
Please do not post the exact question from the assignment below and ask the group for the answer as this
would constitute academic dishonesty.
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Research Article Critique, Part One
The Effect of Reported Sleep, Perceived Fatigue, and Sleepiness on Cognitive Performance in a Sample
of Emergency Nurses
(Wolf, Perhats, Delao, & Martinovich, 2017)
©2018 UTA School of Nursing 2
Questions 1 - 4: Research Problem and Purpose. (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 2, 5, and 12)
1. Which choices below best reflect the problem statement for the instructor-assigned article?
a. The 12-hour shift is past the point where safe decision-making may be expected, and both the
Agency for Health Research and Quality and the Institute of Medicine have since recommended
limiting the length of nurses’ shifts.
b. High demand work settings are associated with increased fatigue, which can impair nurses’
attentiveness and ability not only to recognize potential errors they might commit but also to
recognize and mitigate the errors of others, including physicians.
c. There is a lack of research on the sleep patterns of emergency nurses and the effects of disturbed
sleep and fatigue on their cognitive abilities and susceptibility to medical errors.
d. Insufficient sleep and inadequate recovery time from long hours and shift work affect a nurse’s
ability to provide safe, effective patient care and increase risks to personal safety.
2. Which of the choices below best reflects the purpose statement for the instructor assigned article?
a. To explore the relationship between reported sleep quality, perceived fatigue and sleepiness, and
cognitive performance in a sample of emergency nurses.
b. Timed cognitive performance was measured by the speed and accuracy for 3 weight-based
medication calculations that are frequently performed in emergency nursing practice.
c. Further studies have demonstrated that insufficient sleep and inadequate recovery time from long
hours and shift work affect a nurse’s ability to provide safe, effective patient care and increase
risks to personal safety.
d. A purpose statement is not clearly offered by the authors in this article.
3. According to Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015), which of the following statements are important when
considering the significance and relevance of a study’s problem and purpose? (Select all that apply.)
a. Does it predict the non-significant findings anticipated in the study?
b. Does it consider ethical principles in its design?
c. Does it specifically influence nursing education in university settings?
d. Does it identify the future research to be generated by the study?
e. Does it promote theory testing or development?
f. Does it identify extraneous variables?
4. When considering the feasibility of a study’s problem and purpose, Grove, Gray, and Burns (2015) suggest
that several areas should be evaluated, including: researcher expertise, money commitment, ethical
considerations, and availability of subjects, facilities, and equipment. Which of the following statements
accurately assesses the feasibility of this article? (Select all that apply)
a. Funding sources for the study were clearly identified in the article.
b. The author’s credentials to design and conduct research are described.
c. Evidence of protection of the subjects’ rights was mentioned in this article.
d. 100% of the eligible subjects contacted participated in the study.
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Document Summary

Instructions: a major skill that is learned in this course is how to critically read and critique nursing research articles. The purpose for critiquing an article is to critically evaluate the research process followed by the author(s) of the assigned article. This is an information and time intensive process that is not learned overnight. To demonstrate your skill at critiquing an article, you will complete this open-book multiple choice assignment. He(cid:396)e"s ho(cid:449) (cid:455)ou should app(cid:396)oa(cid:272)h (cid:272)o(cid:373)pleti(cid:374)g this (cid:449)eek"s assig(cid:374)(cid:373)e(cid:374)t to finish critiquing an article: first, do your assigned reading in grove, gray, and burns (2015) and complete the reading worksheets early in the week. Look up key terms from the question in your textbook. Some examples of these terms might be: problem statement, variables, and cross-sectional. Ignore any wording from blackboard that i(cid:374)di(cid:272)ates that (cid:862)this is a test(cid:863) a(cid:374)d (cid:272)a(cid:396)efull(cid:455) e(cid:374)te(cid:396) (cid:455)ou(cid:396) a(cid:374)s(cid:449)e(cid:396)s f(cid:396)o(cid:373) this do(cid:272)u(cid:373)e(cid:374)t: you will have two access attempts to record your answers.

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