HIST 304 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Mamertines, Tyche, Tyrant

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2/8/17
I. What is the point of studying history
offers a number of moral examples
praise what is praiseworthy/ blame what is blameworthy
train for political office (aristocrats and generals)
-tyche - - fate, luck, and things beyond your control
II. Carthage aka Poeni
509 BCE treaty
378 BCE treaty
280 BCE treaty
very few Carthaginian historical records, have to rely more on archeology
founded by queen Alyssa as directed by a prophecy from an oracle
urbanization began in 6th century
economically more capable than Rome
III. First Punic War
Beginnings
island of Sicily
mamertines (mercenary band) move to Messana from Syracuse.
Messana happened to be an island right across from Roman territory
271 BCE a new tyrant of syracuse was elected
attaks mamertines in messana
mamertines call both rome and carthage for help
Rome is conflicted: does not want to be completely surrounded by carthaginians as
carthage had been gaining other territories, and just got out of a similar war that
would leave them looking like hypocrites in the case of intervention
they decided to help
when they get there carthage is already, but leaves
263 BCE Roman’s take Messana
IV. Asymmetrical warfare
Carthage is a naval power
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