POLS 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Legal Personality, Territorial Entity, Montevideo Convention

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Political science 29 March 2017
Chapter 14 – Introduction to international politics
When international relations (IR) emerged as a formal field of academic soon after the First
World War, it was primarily concerned with the causes of conflict between states.
-This approach reinforced by the aftermath of World War 2 and subsequent Cold War.
Before these there was not much cooperation between states
However, more recently scholars have adopted a broader interpretation of IR. They have taken
more account of domestic political, economic, and social factors.
-They have also turned their attention to ‘non-governmental organizations’ (GMOs)
For the purpose of IR, the state refers to an institution which possesses a ‘legal personality and
is recognized as having certain rights and duties.
In the 1933 Montevideo Convention, the modern sovereign state was defined in terms of
permanent population, defined territory, government capable of maintaining efficient control
over its territory.
Incapable states include Syria and Somalia
But most scholars trace the development of the state to Treaty of Westphalia in 1648.
Much recent work in IR is inspired by ‘cosmopolitanism’, emphasizing that we belong to one
world, and have shared concerns.
Globalization also emphasizes a global interconnectedness which transcends state boundaries.
The term nation can be distinguished from ‘state’ because it refers to ‘a people’ rather than a
formal, territorial entity.
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Document Summary

When international relations (ir) emerged as a formal field of academic soon after the first. World war, it was primarily concerned with the causes of conflict between states. This approach reinforced by the aftermath of world war 2 and subsequent cold war. Before these there was not much cooperation between states. However, more recently scholars have adopted a broader interpretation of ir. They have taken more account of domestic political, economic, and social factors. They have also turned their attention to non-governmental organizations" (gmos) For the purpose of ir, the state refers to an institution which possesses a legal personality" and is recognized as having certain rights and duties. In the 1933 montevideo convention, the modern sovereign state was defined in terms of permanent population, defined territory, government capable of maintaining efficient control over its territory. But most scholars trace the development of the state to treaty of westphalia in 1648.

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