PSYC 360 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Proverb, Binge Eating, Shoplifting

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9 Feb 2017
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9 February 2017
CH 5 The Self
Self-concept:
Rudimentary sense of self some primates (recognize self)
Humans think about themselves around age 2
Child’s self concept – very concrete
References to characteristics like age, sex, neighborhood, and hobbies
Maturing self-concept:
Less emphasis on physical characteristics
More emphasis on psychological states and how other people judge us
Cultural differences in defining the self
The squeaky wheel gets the grease (American proverb)
The nail that stands out gets pounded down (Japanese proverb)
Independent view of the self:
In many Western cultures, people have an independent view of the self
Independent view of the self A way of defining oneself in terms of one’s own internal
thoughts, feelings, and actions and not in terms of the thoughts, feelings, and actions of other
people.
Westerners define themselves as separate from other people, value independence of
uniqueness.
Many Asian and other non-Western cultures have an interdependent view of the self
Interdependent view of the self A way of defining oneself in terms of one’s relationships to
other people; recognizing that one’s behavior is often determined by the thoughts, feelings,
and actions of others.
Connectedness and interdependence values independence and uniqueness are frowned
upon.
Cultural differences in defining self questionnaire (Singelis, 1994)
Within cultures, there are differences in the self-concept.
Gender and the development of the self:
Starting in early childhood, American girls are more likely to:
Develop intimate friendships
Cooperate with others
Focus their attention of social relationships
Boys are more likely to focus on group memberships
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