PSY 1013 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Humanistic Psychology

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14 Nov 2019
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Motivation Notes
Drive Reduction Theory
The drive reduction theory is a theory proposing that certain
drives motivate us to act in ways that minimize aversive states.
Examples: Hunger, thirst, and sexual frustration.
When drives clash
While certain drives lead us to approach, others lead to
avoidance.
As we draw near a goal, avoidance outweighs approach
Explains phenomena like the difficulty of finishing
certain tasks.
Incentive Theories
Incentive theories propose that we are often motivated by positive
goals.
Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic motivation
Some needs take precedence over others
Primary (biological) and secondary (psychological)
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
Created by Maslow, the father of humanistic psychology
Humanistic psychology studies the potential of an
individual and his/her need for growth and self-
actualization. It is based on the fundamental belief that
people are innately good, and that deviating from this
natural tendency results in social and psychological
problems.
Maslow has a pyramid of needs, otherwise known as the
hierarchy of needs.
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