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Lecture 5

ASIAN AM 160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: 1887 Constitution Of The Kingdom Of Hawaii, Kamehameha Iii, Kamehameha I

Asian American Studies
Course Code
Cheng Cindy

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Hawaii – Historical Background
Islands first settled by Polynesians or Native Hawaiians
Modern conception of Hawaii began January 18, 1778
oBritish Captain James Cook arrived on shores
oSought to expand British empire
oRenamed islands Sandwich Islands
1810 King Kamehameha I united islands, Kingdom of Hawaii under “guidance” of Great
oUnder threat of armed intervention
U.S. Encroachment on Hawaiian Islands
Missionary Activities
1820 first major group of missionaries of New England Congregationalist missionary
group arrived
The Great Mahele
March 18, 1848 King Kamehameha III passed the Great Mahele, radically transformed
land ownership and distribution
oUnder threat of armed intervention from the U.S.
Replaced Land Tenure System, where king owned land, private ownership of land
Land divided among King, Chiefs, and Commoners
oCommoners were elected officials in Hawaii Society
Land can be purchased
oShifted landownership to Westerners
Trading Rights
1875 Reciprocity Treaty
oAllowed for duty free importation of Hawaii grown sugar to the U.S.
oU.S. gained Pu’u Loa or Pearl Harbor
oIncrease U.S. investment in sugar plantations
Increase in importation of Asian immigrant labor
oChanged landscape of Hawaii
Settler Colonialism
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