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Lecture 10

ASIAN AM 160 Lecture 10: Asian American History Lecture 10
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3 Pages
85 Views
Fall 2016

Department
Asian American Studies
Course Code
ASIAN AM 160
Professor
Cheng Cindy
Lecture
10

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Towards Asian Exclusion
Alien Land Law 1913
o Declared unlawful ownership of “real property” by “aliens ineligible for citizenship”
o 1920, aliens ineligible for citizenship not allowed to lease or acquire land through
native-born minors
o 1923, aliens ineligible for citizenship cannot “acquire, possess, enjoy, use,
cultivate, occupy, and transfer real property
o Will be ruled unconstitutional
Era of Exclusion
U.S. During Turn of 20th Century
Growth of Nativism
o Differentiating real citizens from other people
Growth of Eugenics
o Only wanted perfect race coming into U.S.
o Breeding most desirable race and humans
Use of immigration laws to determine social desirability of race and nationality
Immigration Act of 1917
Barred criminals, feeble minded, alcoholics, beggars, persons mentally and physically
defective, polygamists
Barred anarchists
o Discrimination based on political beliefs
First federal law for immigration
Created Literacy Tests
o Targeted Jews from Germany and Catholics from Ireland
Created Asiatic Barred Zone or Asia Pacific Triangle
o Growth of Asian Exclusion
o Middle East was included
o Formation of term “Asian American”
o Nobody was accepted from these areas
Immigration Act of 1921
First numerical restrictions of Europeans
Used 1910 census, established 3% quotas
o Reduced immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe
o Southeaster European countries
45% of quotas
o Northwestern European countries
55% of quotas
1924 Immigration Law
Other names
o Johnson-Reed Act
o National Origins Act
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Description
Towards Asian Exclusion  Alien Land Law 1913 o Declared unlawful ownership of “real property” by “aliens ineligible for citizenship” o 1920, aliens ineligible for citizenship not allowed to lease or acquire land through native-born minors o 1923, aliens ineligible for citizenship cannot “acquire, possess, enjoy, use, cultivate, occupy, and transfer real property” o Will be ruled unconstitutional Era of Exclusion U.S. During Turn of 20 Century  Growth of Nativism o Differentiating real citizens from other people  Growth of Eugenics o Only wanted perfect race coming into U.S. o Breeding most desirable race and humans  Use of immigration laws to determine social desirability of race and nationality Immigration Act of 1917  Barred criminals, feeble minded, alcoholics, beggars, persons mentally and physically defective, polygamists  Barred anarchists o Discrimination based on political beliefs  First federal law for immigration  Created Literacy Tests o Targeted Jews from Germany and Catholics from Ireland  Created Asiatic Barred Zone or Asia Pacific Triangle o Growth of Asian Exclusion o Middle East was included o Formation of term “Asian American” o Nobody was accepted from these areas Immigration Act of 1921  First numerical restrictions of Europeans  Used 1910 census, established 3% quotas o Reduced immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe o Southeaster European countries  45% of quotas
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