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Lecture 16

ASIAN AM 160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Vietnam War, Khmer Language, Khmer PeoplePremium

4 pages34 viewsFall 2016

Department
Asian American Studies
Course Code
ASIAN AM 160
Professor
Cheng Cindy
Lecture
16

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1965 Immigration and Nationality Act
Abolished “national origins” as basis of immigration
Provided annual admission of 170,000 immigrants from Eastern Hemisphere; 120,000
from Western Hemisphere
20,000 immigration per country
Family members: Spouse, children, parents of citizens exempted from quota
Established 7 preferences for eastern hemisphere quota immigrants
o Unmarried children over age 21 of U.S. citizen
o Professionals, scientists, and artists of exceptional ability
o Married children over 21 of U.S. citizens
o Siblings of U.S. citizens
o Workers, skilled and unskilled, in occupation which labor was in short supply
o Refugees
Immigration policy as domestic civil rights reform
Established immigration control without anti-immigrant sentiment
The Southeast Asian War: The Vietnam War
Terminologies
Vietnam
o Vietnamese
Cambodia, Kampuchea, or Khmer Empire
o Cambodians
o Khmer people, Khmer language
Laos
o Laotians (lowland), Lao land
o Hmong (highland)
Indochina refers Southeast Asian countries
French Indochina refers to Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia
Names of war in West
o Vietnam War, Vietnam Conflict, Second Indochina War
Names of war in Non-West
o American War, Resistance War against America
The Longest War
Rooted in anti-colonial struggle of Vietnam for independence and national sovereignty
Rooted in political, social, and cultural divisions within Vietnam
Rooted in Truman Doctrine or policy to contain communism and spread American
democracy
o Proxy war for U.S.
o War fought openly with U.S. troops and covertly through CIA activities
Background of Vietnam
Vietnam was colonized in 110 BC
French Colonial Rule
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