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Lecture 16

ASIAN AM 160 Lecture 16: Asian American History Lecture 16
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4 Pages
23 Views
Fall 2016

Department
Asian American Studies
Course Code
ASIAN AM 160
Professor
Cheng Cindy
Lecture
16

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1965 Immigration and Nationality Act
Abolished “national origins” as basis of immigration
Provided annual admission of 170,000 immigrants from Eastern Hemisphere; 120,000
from Western Hemisphere
20,000 immigration per country
Family members: Spouse, children, parents of citizens exempted from quota
Established 7 preferences for eastern hemisphere quota immigrants
o Unmarried children over age 21 of U.S. citizen
o Professionals, scientists, and artists of exceptional ability
o Married children over 21 of U.S. citizens
o Siblings of U.S. citizens
o Workers, skilled and unskilled, in occupation which labor was in short supply
o Refugees
Immigration policy as domestic civil rights reform
Established immigration control without anti-immigrant sentiment
The Southeast Asian War: The Vietnam War
Terminologies
Vietnam
o Vietnamese
Cambodia, Kampuchea, or Khmer Empire
o Cambodians
o Khmer people, Khmer language
Laos
o Laotians (lowland), Lao land
o Hmong (highland)
Indochina refers Southeast Asian countries
French Indochina refers to Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia
Names of war in West
o Vietnam War, Vietnam Conflict, Second Indochina War
Names of war in Non-West
o American War, Resistance War against America
The Longest War
Rooted in anti-colonial struggle of Vietnam for independence and national sovereignty
Rooted in political, social, and cultural divisions within Vietnam
Rooted in Truman Doctrine or policy to contain communism and spread American
democracy
o Proxy war for U.S.
o War fought openly with U.S. troops and covertly through CIA activities
Background of Vietnam
Vietnam was colonized in 110 BC
French Colonial Rule
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Description
1965 Immigration and Nationality Act  Abolished “national origins” as basis of immigration  Provided annual admission of 170,000 immigrants from Eastern Hemisphere; 120,000 from Western Hemisphere  20,000 immigration per country  Family members: Spouse, children, parents of citizens – exempted from quota  Established 7 preferences for eastern hemisphere quota immigrants o Unmarried children over age 21 of U.S. citizen o Professionals, scientists, and artists of exceptional ability o Married children over 21 of U.S. citizens o Siblings of U.S. citizens o Workers, skilled and unskilled, in occupation which labor was in short supply o Refugees  Immigration policy as domestic civil rights reform  Established immigration control without anti-immigrant sentiment The Southeast Asian War: The Vietnam War Terminologies  Vietnam o Vietnamese  Cambodia, Kampuchea, or Khmer Empire o Cambodians o Khmer people, Khmer language  Laos o Laotians (lowland), Lao land o Hmong (highland)  Indochina refers Southeast Asian countries  French Indochina refers to Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia  Names of war in West o Vietnam War, Vietnam Conflict, Second Indochina War  Names of war in Non-West o American War, Resistance War against America The Longest War  Rooted in anti-colonial struggle of Vietnam for independence and national sovereignty  Rooted in political, social, and cultural divisions within Vietnam  Rooted in Truman Doctrine or policy to contain communism and spread American democracy o Proxy war for U.S. o War fought openly with U.S. troops and covertly through CIA activities Background of Vietnam  Vietnam was colonized in 110 BC French Colonial Rule  1840s – 1880s, France looked to expand Indochina Empire  1883, French gained control of Vietnam  Exacerbated class divisions among peasants and elites o Divide and rule  Implemented policies to deepen cultural and social divisions Challenges and Breaks in French Rule  1919 post WWI negotiations o Ho Chi Minh (Vietnamese communist revolutionary, led North forces during Vietnam War) requested Vietnamese delegation to be included in peace talks to work towards independence Vietnam from French colonial rule o Impassioned appeal to President Wilson based on Wilson’s 14 points o
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