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Lecture 16

ASIAN AM 160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Vietnam War, Khmer Language, Khmer PeoplePremium

4 pages34 viewsFall 2016

Asian American Studies
Course Code
Cheng Cindy

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1965 Immigration and Nationality Act
Abolished “national origins” as basis of immigration
Provided annual admission of 170,000 immigrants from Eastern Hemisphere; 120,000
from Western Hemisphere
20,000 immigration per country
Family members: Spouse, children, parents of citizens exempted from quota
Established 7 preferences for eastern hemisphere quota immigrants
o Unmarried children over age 21 of U.S. citizen
o Professionals, scientists, and artists of exceptional ability
o Married children over 21 of U.S. citizens
o Siblings of U.S. citizens
o Workers, skilled and unskilled, in occupation which labor was in short supply
o Refugees
Immigration policy as domestic civil rights reform
Established immigration control without anti-immigrant sentiment
The Southeast Asian War: The Vietnam War
o Vietnamese
Cambodia, Kampuchea, or Khmer Empire
o Cambodians
o Khmer people, Khmer language
o Laotians (lowland), Lao land
o Hmong (highland)
Indochina refers Southeast Asian countries
French Indochina refers to Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia
Names of war in West
o Vietnam War, Vietnam Conflict, Second Indochina War
Names of war in Non-West
o American War, Resistance War against America
The Longest War
Rooted in anti-colonial struggle of Vietnam for independence and national sovereignty
Rooted in political, social, and cultural divisions within Vietnam
Rooted in Truman Doctrine or policy to contain communism and spread American
o Proxy war for U.S.
o War fought openly with U.S. troops and covertly through CIA activities
Background of Vietnam
Vietnam was colonized in 110 BC
French Colonial Rule
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