ED PSYCH 321 Lecture 22: Lecture 22

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Educational Psychology
Julie Johnson

Sexuality Stages of sexual activity • Autoerotic behavior o Sexual behavior that is experienced alone o Sexual fantasies o Masturbation ▪ For boys: consistent over last century • Majority begin by 13, 90% by 19 ▪ For girls: not so consistent • Fifty years ago: 15% by 13; 30% by 20 • Now: half by 13; 75% by 20 • Both adolescents and adults are more reluctant to discuss masturbation than any other topic • Orderly progression of sexual activity with another person o Holding hands -> intercourse or oral sex o Males and females engage in similar sequence o Boys engage in these activities at somewhat earlier age • Females engaging in sex more than they ever had before • Higher proportion of youth in single-parent homes and low SES have first intercourse earlier than others o Black and Hispanic Males The Timing of Sexual Initiation • Adolescents are more likely to lose virginity during certain times of year o May, June, July o December is peak time for serious relationships Pornography National survey • o 10-17 ▪ 8% 10-13 year olds ▪ 20% 14-17 year olds ▪ More common among boys o College students ▪ 87% males; 31% females ▪ Had "ever viewed" • Early exposure associated with less progressive gender role attitudes o Woman's job to please man AIDS and Other STDs • STDs can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites that are transmitted through sexual contact o Bacteria - gonorrhea and chlamydia o Virus - herpes and human papilloma virus • AIDS is caused by HIV and interferes with immune system • Condoms and education best prevention tools o Programs must focus on benefits of condom use rather than costs of not using them o Knowledge of risks alone is not sufficient to keep adolescents from risky behavior Teenage Pregnancy and Childbearing • Nearly 1/3 of American women become pregnant by 20 o Not all result in childbirth ▪ 33% aborted ▪ 15% end in miscarriage o Very few result in adoptions • America's teen birth rate is higher than all other industrialized countries What Causes Teen Pregnancy? • The most important difference between teens who become pregnant and those who do not is contraceptive use o 70-85% pregnancies are unintended • Ambitious, well-educated, middle- to upper-class women who live in wealthier areas are more likely to terminate unwanted pregnancy Role of Father • Teen fathers likely to (after they become a teen father) o Have problems with self-esteem, sch
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