LINGUIS 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Applied Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Neurolinguistics

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29 Sep 2017
HW- due Monday: complete online survey, read 1.0-1.4 in textbook
Key: diff = different
Introduction to Human Language
Introductory concepts: The study of language
Not a specific language, just the study of language(s) generally
Diff aspects of language, including
Historical linguistics
How languages change over time
Sociolinguistics (social)
Use and significance of language in society and culture
Effects on human activity/interaction
Applied linguistics
The best way to teach/learn language
Diff teaching methodologies
Psycholinguistics (psych)
Acquisition and processing
How children learn language (naturally over time/by listening)
How humans process languages (naturally ^ )
Neurolinguistics (neuro)
Instantiation (concrete understanding) in brain
*first 5 are just examples, this course is about general (Theoretical) Linguistics -- see below*
Linguistics (Theoretical)
Structure of language itself
Grammatical properties
Question 1: What are some careers that utilize linguistics? (Answers at end of notes)
Linguistics- the scientific study of the structure of human language
Object of study- mental grammar
Set of knowledge/rules/concepts which allow you to speak and
understand language
People aren’t consciously aware of many rules of mental grammar that
they apply every day in speech
Ie: you don’t know that you know it
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