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Class Notes for Nutritional Sciences at University of Wisconsin - Madison

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NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Fluid Compartments, Extracellular Fluid, Spinach
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Minerals Sodium Few foods are naturally rich in sodium Majority of sodium that is eaten was added during processing Found in mines or sea water Found in extracel...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Phytochemical, Dietary Reference Intake, Whole Food
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Micronutrients Typically can be found in whole foods Can be consumed in supplements There are a few problems associated with consuming supplements Consuming too much of a cer...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 28: Nutrient Density, Pellagra, Micronutrient
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Micronutrient Status: A person is either deficient, adequate, or toxic Causes of Deficiency Inadequate dietary intake Food deprivation Diet low in nutrient density Needs of nutrients increases ...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Myplate, Provitamin, B Vitamins
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Micronutrients Micronutrient Sources Nutrient dense food Supplements cant replace a balanced diet If you eat MyPlate serving with nutrient dense foods you will have a balanced intake Food Sources N...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Hydroxylapatite, Osteoclast, Muscle Contraction
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Bone Remodeling of Bone Process Osteoblasts build bone or repair bones Osteoclasts dissolve old bone matrices and minerals found in bone During this process calcium is released into the bloodstrea...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 30: Phytochemical, Hyperplasia, Gestation
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Phytonutrients Chemical Ecology of Plants Plant are unable to move They must attract insects to themselves to gather pollen Plants produce pleasant smells to be pollinated Flowers comm...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Red Blood Cell, Provitamin, Macrocytic Anemia
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Micronutrients Continued Antioxidant Vitamins Vitamin C Found in the extracellular fluid and the lungs Vitamin E Protects the lipids and the cell membranes Vitamin A ...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Fluid Compartments, Extracellular Fluid, Blood Pressure
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Chloride Is the negative ion in the intracellular fluid It is apart of stomach acid and helps maintain acid-base balance Potassium Is the major positive ion of the intracellular fluid ...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Amylose, Peristalsis, Amylase
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Digestion Digestion Process Mouth Chewing Salvia Enzymes speed up the breakdown of foods Amylase enzyme works on amylose (starch) Esophagus ...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 31: Folate Deficiency, Morning Sickness, Peristalsis
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Life Cycle Physiological changes during pregnancy can cause problems Placental hormones relax tone This can lead to heartburn Remain upright after eati...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Natural Experiment
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Evolution of Human Diet Hunter/Gathers Agriculture Modern Diet Food Security Quantity of available food Frequency of food storage Extend of food shortages Ancient Diet Fat: 15-20% ...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Eating Disorder, Etiology, Hypothermia
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Eating Disorders Etiology Psychological disorder Demographic Reported to occur in 95% of females Not typically common in males 90% of middle/ upper income class is affected 80% of highly educ...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Blood Alcohol Content, Distilled Beverage, Acetaldehyde
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Alcohol Alcohol contains ethanol Break down process: Ethanol Acetaldehyde Acetate Fat All broken down by enzymes Women are more sensitive to alcohol Women we...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Peristalsis, Amylose, Amylase
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Digestion Overview of the Four Steps of Digestion 1. Motility a. Peristalsis b. Gastrointestinal Tract c. Segmentation 2. Secretion 3. Digestion a. Mechanical B...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson
NUTR SCI 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: High-Protein Diet, Saturated Fat, Complete Protein
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Protein RDA vs. Average Intake Female: RDA=44g Average=70g Mael: RDA=63 g & Average=90g Excess protein can be used as energy now or stored as fat to be used for energy later ...

Nutritional Sciences
NUTR SCI 132
Pete Anderson

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