SOC 134 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Human Capital Flight, Deindustrialization, Spatial Mismatch

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Lecture 17
History of Wages
Great depression: 1929
o FDR institutes social safety nets in response to the great
depression
Welfare, social security: The New Deal
Unemployment insurance, minimum wage, pensions, etc.
When Affirmative Action Was White
“outher Deorats fored orther Deorats ito a deil’s argai:
o Either the Ne Deal policies in Jim Crow Law remains, or we
(southern democrats) will align with Republicans and veto the
Many non-whites were denied benefits because their occupations
(farmers/maids) were not covered by the New Deal
Post World War II
Women and non-whites entered manufacturing jobs
o Taft-Harty act diminished the power of unions
Non-whites were denied military enlistment until final throes of war
o Excluded non-whites from the GI Bill of Rights
The GI Bill of Rights
The GI Bill forged the American Middle Class
o The U.S spend 95 billion$ in social benefits
o Veterans bought homes, financed businesses, bought farmland,
and went to college
Helped the postwar boom in higher education
o The distribution of benefits (loans, jobs, unemployment
assistance, mortgage for suburban homes) was left to white
state and local authorities
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Document Summary

History of wages: great depression: 1929, fdr institutes social safety nets in response to the great depression, welfare, social security: the new deal, unemployment insurance, minimum wage, pensions, etc. Post world war ii: women and non-whites entered manufacturing jobs, taft-harty act diminished the power of unions, non-whites were denied military enlistment until final throes of war, excluded non-whites from the gi bill of rights. Limitations of the gi bill: many blacks and latinos were denied opportunities to start businesses, buy homes, go to same colleges as whites, and gain access to new jobs, (cid:862)affir(cid:373)ati(cid:448)e a(cid:272)tio(cid:374) (cid:449)as (cid:449)hite(cid:863) Postwar industrialization: many whites found their way into steady working class jobs in. Americas rising manufacturing sector: postwar years were boom times for american manufacturing. End of industrialization: manufacturing jobs disappeared from the northeast and midwest in the (cid:1005)(cid:1013)(cid:1012)(cid:1004)"s, factories gave way to a service economy, rise of fast-food and sales industry, particularly challenging to non-whites (blacks and puerto ricans)

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