SOC 134 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Environmental Policy, Environmental Racism, Cultural Assimilation

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Lecture 22
Consequences of Segregation
Political
o Marginalizes on-whites; politicians ignore them
o Erodes home of interracial collaboration
Symbolic
o Mental segregation: racial segregation gives off the appearance
that racial divisions are real, natural, and unchanging
Emotional
o Creates a sense of personal inadequacy and inferiority upon
marginalized groups
o Conversely gives whites a sense of superiority, reinforcing a
preference for segregation
Educational
o Property values determines property taxes
½ of all property tax revenue is used for public elementary
and secondary education
low income areas have small budgets
Ethnic Enclaves
Why?
o Spatial assimilation thesis: enclaves are a starting point on the
way to economic and cultural assimilation
o Ethnic community thesis: some individuals prefer to live among
people who eat the same food, celebrate the same holidays, and
speak the same language
o Racial Segregation: enclaves are a result of ethnic and racial
discrimination in housing
Both thesis’s play a role, ut starts with raial segregatio
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