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Lecture 9

HIST 3010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Necrophilia, Female Condom, ZoophiliaPremium

8 pages66 viewsSpring 2017

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 3010
Professor
Crawford
Lecture
9

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 8 pages of the document.
WEEK 8: CENSORSHIP II
THURSDAY 03/02/17
LISA DOWNING, “SNUFF AND NONSENSE: THE DISCURSIVE LIFE OF A
PHANTASMATIC ARCHIVE,” IN PORN ARCHIVES.**
STEPHEN F. ROHDE, “FREEDOM OF CYBERSPEECH,” IN PORN 101.**
LISA DOWNING, “SNUFF AND NONSENSE: THE DISCURSIVE LIFE OF A
PHANTASMATIC ARCHIVE,” IN PORN ARCHIVES
Snuff films originates from when killers allegedly made recordings of their crimes
1970s, rumored that genre of porn films existed which culminated with the
female performer murdered or “snuffed out” on camera
Same phrase as in Mercer’s article, “pornography is the theory; rape is the
practice”
Movie Snuff showed death of female performer in end with xenophobia (“the film
that could only be made in South America...where life is CHEAP!”)
FBI looked into death in Snuff because female activists claimed that the death
was real (it wasn’t) but even though it was fictional, carries weight
The movie Snuff gave provisional definition of a snuff movie: film in which a
person who is shown alive at the beginning of the footage is killed on-screen and
shown dead by the end
o Must be created to produce sexual arousal
o Must be commercially distributed
FEMINISM, SNUFF, AND CENSORSHIP
Existence of snuff scares and drives anti-porn feminists into wanting censorship
Female actress told she is going to act out a simulated death, but is actually
tortured, mutilated, dismembered, and killed
Snuff shows that porn as a whole is about the annihilation of women, their
destruction, the end point that all the rest of porn is a movement towards
Dworkin and Josephson interview about snuff films
o Both agree that murderer of women should be criminalized
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o Josephson sides with Justice Blackmun and that the resulting film is
protected under the First Amendment even though it offends and
psychologically damages viewers
o Dworkin thinks it’s wrong that the film is protected under First
Amendment
Urgent issue of violence against women is repeatedly sidelined and undermined
by obsessive recourse to snuff films
o Snuff fails to work as effective argument for existence of cultural misogyny
o Snuff fails to indicate reality of exploitation in porn
SIMULATION, STIMULATION, AND THE LAW
For a snuff film to exist, it must be proven that the person has really died
Doesn’t matter whether death is really a death or not for prosecutors, it
matters if porn is really porn (based on legal definition) and if porn is
sufficiently deviant to fail to turn on the moral majority
Julian Petley argues that reliance on appearance instead of fact opens
pathways for other material beyond niche porn to be criminalized
Some women see filming of true non-consensual sex, not as porn but as
crimes that happen to be taped
o That realistic depictions of acts are depictions
o Law won’t reduce harm through possession of extreme adult porn
o These women have nothing against violence in sex as long as it is
consensual (e.g. BDSM or sadomasochism)
o Their sexuality is a consensual celebration, and they recognize that
there is something wrong with nonconsensual, forced sex in
commercial industry
o Wish that government would stop trying to censor porn and get to real
causes of rape, domestic violence, and sexual assault
o Porn should become more acceptable so that when real instances of
abuse occur, the victim will find it easier to complain (idk bout this)
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Depends on values of normativity and where each person is on the sexuality
spectrum
SOME CONCLUDING REMARKS
Daniel DePew approached by undercover police officer and tricked into
discussing a young boy to kill in a snuff film
o Just for talking about it DePew has 33 years in prison
o Violent fantasies are in minds of “sick” individual and governments,
projecting them onto the citizenry
Snuff films shouldn’t be seen as the ghost of something that once was but rather
as the phantasm that harbingers a becoming
The fantasy draws attention away from actual social phenomena and focuses
instead on a ghost that persistently haunts the discourse
Need to focus more on issue where commercially viable material is protected and
“aberrant” others are demonized
STEPHEN F. ROHDE, “FREEDOM OF CYBERSPEECH,” IN PORN 101.
June 1997, Supreme Court granted cyberspace the fullest degree of First
Amendment protection in Reno vs. American Civil Liberties Union, et al.,
because Internet is “the most participatory form of mass speech yet developed”
and is entitled to “the highest protection from government intrusion”
THE INTERNET
Internet spreading to hundreds of millions fast
SEXUALLY EXPLICIT MATERIAL
Text, pictures, and chat
Once posted on Internet, nothing can prevent it spreading all over the world
Works of Edward Weston and Robert Mapplethorpe and sex ed can be spread,
two sides of a coin
AGE VERIFICATION
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