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Lecture 27

PSY 1200 Lecture 27: Module 27

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Vanderbilt University
Psychology (A&S)
PSY 1200
Sandberg Elisabeth

find more resources at Monday, October 17, 2016 General Psychology Thinking - Concepts What is cognition, and what are the functions of concepts? • - people who study cognition focus on the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating information - forming concepts - mental groupings of similar objects, events, ideas, and people simplify our our thinking • - prototypes - mental image or example of a category - Problem Solving: Strategies and Obstacles • What cognitive strategies assist our problem solving, and what obstacles hinder it? - for some problems we solve through trial and error for others we use an algorithm • an algorithm is a step-by-step procedure that guarantees a solution - heuristic - a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but more error-prone than algorithms - insight - a sudden realization of a problem’s solution; contrasts with strategy- based solutions - other cognitive tendencies may lead us astray • eagerly seek out and favor evidence verifying our ideas than evidence refuting them - this is known as confirmation bias • mental set - our tendency to approach a problem with the mind-set o what has worked for us previously - Forming Good and Bad Decisions and Judgements • The Availability Heuristic - heuristics are used when we need to act quickly - availability heuristic - can lead us to make the wrong decisions ▯1 find more resources at find more resources at Monday, October 17, 2016 • anything that makes the informati
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