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Lecture 41

PSY 1200 Lecture 41: Powerpoint Notes, Multiple Classes

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Vanderbilt University
Psychology (A&S)
PSY 1200
Sandberg Elisabeth

Psychological Testing 1. Reliability is the degree to which an assessment makes consistent results 2. Interrater Reliability is how different judgements from different rates are a. Psychodynamic Theory was created by Freud, saying that human behavior is created from conflicts between the conscious and unconscious mind a.i. Said we had our id, or our completely subconscious energy that wants us to satisfy our basic, aggressive drives a.ii. Superego is our moral compass that strives for certain ideals a.iii. Our ego is our “executive part” that tries to mediate the demands of the ID and superego a.iii.1. These theories are not really brought up often because they’re not easily testable b. Factor analysis lets us correlate attributes together and identify whether or not they can be clustered into basic traits c. With Myers Briggs, people experience more of a blur of both rather than one or the other c.i. Type a and b people Social Thinking: 1. Attribution: Identifying Causes a. Attribution is a conclusion about a cause of an event a.i. We can say it’s due to the situation, which means that factors outside the person are causing it, or it’s due to disposition and the the person’s enduring traits a.ii. Fundamental Attribution Error is when we go too far into the situation, assuming that something that happened is caused by their personality when in fact it is not a.ii.1. Attitudes Affect our Actions when… a.ii.1.a. External Influences are minimal a.ii.1.b. Attitude is specific to behavior a.ii.1.c. Attitudes are easily recalled a.ii.2. Role Playing Affects our Attitudes a.ii.2.a. People in arranged marriages often learn to love the person they’re supposed to mary a.ii.2.b. The Stanford Prison Experiment showed people acting as guards and come to take on the entire persona. Affects them
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