Sennett-king of comedy. Started the whole thing, slapstick comedies, love, speed,
Charlie Chaplin-the immigrant was one well known film by him (’17)
Keaton-sherlock je (’24)
MPPC aka “The Trust” (Motion picture patent company) (1908-1913)
this was a creation of thomas edison and others to gain control of the movie
making industry worldwide. Considered a monopoly. Its intent was to
monopolize film. Founded in 1908.
10 companies pooled 16 patents to control global distribution/production
at this time distribution and production were separate
vertical monopoly all the way down
govrnment allowed this to happen until the 40’s after the war, they started to
Some good things came out of this monopoly. It standardized the equipment.
Different gauges-width of the film. Standardized film speed. (35mm/16
Pricing of tickets also standardized. Eliminated competition between
Films of greater duration.
4 reels instead of 2 reels
Hollywood in the ‘20s
directors had a lot of control during this time because the companies were
(’22) “Hays Office” MPPDA
Studios of the 20s
o MGM (’25