History of Motion Picture
“Stroboscopic toys” (19 century)
persistence of vision and phi phenomena
primitive era of cinema.
What makes movies so attractive
personal connection with them
effects come and go but the story is what makes it so great
the drive of most art, to reproduce the world.
Persistence of Vision-phi phenomena
persistence of vision-Images stay in your retina for a few seconds after you
see that image
phi phenomena-we see things that are not always there. For example, spin
the color wheel really fast and our eyes see brown.
Factors that Lead up to Film
We are seeing movies at 24 frames per second
Toy called the thaumentrope used this phenomenon
Magick lantern-1646 discovered. It was a light source, a whealding rod that
would light up on the end.
o Muybridge (1872-1877) Horses hooves, all on the ground? He studied
this. Took a series of 20 photos to determine this
o Marey (1882) gun. Negatives were on glass so they weren’t very
Celluloaid film was then discovered as a type of flexible negatives (1887).
Goodwin invented it. Then it became Eastman. Eastman then became Kodak.
Kinetograph (1892) discovered by Dickson/Edison. Big clumsey camera
which had to stay in a studio because it was so large.
o In 1893, the black maria studio was invented. Black shack with
skylights on it. The shack was on a circular railroad track. Then
would push on the shack and line the windows with the sun.
o V Kinetoscope-peephole viewing device. Playback device where you
put your eye t