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Class Notes for Philosophy at Virginia Commonwealth University

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PHIL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Ad Hominem, In Vitro Fertilisation, Tongue Piercing
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Argument Worksheet III Part I: for each the arguments, first determine their form and then determine whether or not they are deductively valid (from here on in, “valid” means “deductively valid”). Answers are at the end....

Philosophy
PHIL 201
Mikhail J Valdman
PHIL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Live Fast, Die Young (Film), Kobe Bryant, Soup Kitchen
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Critical Thinking about Moral Problems Introduction What is philosophy? The word “philosophy” comes from Ancient Greek (φιλοσοφία ). It translates as “love of wisdom.” B...

Philosophy
PHIL 201
Mikhail J Valdman
PHIL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Co-Premise, Deductive Reasoning, 1978 Atlantic Hurricane Season
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Arguments Arguments, recall, consist of statements or claims. An argument is a set of claims in which at least one of the claims is put forth to support at least one of the other claims. Supporting claims are called prem...

Philosophy
PHIL 201
Mikhail J Valdman
PHIL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Co-Premise, Logical Form, Modus Ponens
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Arguments Part II Review Arguments consist of two kinds of statements: premises and conclusions. Premises are reasons or evidence in favor of the conclusions. Arguments can have unstated premises. They can also have uns...

Philosophy
PHIL 201
Mikhail J Valdman
PHIL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: John Bromfield, Peanut Butter, No Reasons
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Worksheet #1 – Arguments and Validity Instructions: complete this worksheet and bring your answers to class. Some answers are at the end. The purpose of this worksheet is to help you understand the concept of validity a...

Philosophy
PHIL 201
Mikhail J Valdman
PHIL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Logical Form, Decimal Mark, Omnipotence
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Argument Worksheet II Answer all questions. The answers are at the end. (1) What is the form of the following argument? Is it a valid argument form? (1) If Oslo is the world’s prettiest city, then Copenhagen is...

Philosophy
PHIL 201
Mikhail J Valdman
PHIL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Expressivism, Moral Relativism, Divine Command Theory
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find more resources at oneclass.com ● Validity ○ An argument is valid if it’s impossible for its premises to be true and its conclusion to be false. ○ In a deductively valid argument, the co...

Philosophy
PHIL 201
Mikhail J Valdman
PHIL 201 Lecture 2: 0906
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find more resources at oneclass.com ● Doing philosophy is a matter of seeing how ideas fit together and making maps that show which ideas entail which other ideas. ○ These maps are called arguments. ● Arg...

Philosophy
PHIL 201
Mikhail J Valdman
PHIL 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Meta-Ethics

● Philosophy goes back thousands of years. ● Began when someone decided to challenge mystics/challenge each other. ● The word philosophy comes from the Ancient Greeks. “Love of wisdom”. ○ Not a useful definitio...

Philosophy
PHIL 201
Mikhail J Valdman
nagel on death as an evil

11/21/13 Nagel Death is an evil. He immediately recognizes that we don’t experience death. We see it, but we don’t experience it ourselves. So we kinda know it in an indirect way. We know it means an end to a life. There...

Philosophy
PHIL 201
James Scow
PHIL 201 Lecture Notes - Universalizability, Fetus

Neil makes a pretty persuasive defense of kants philosophy. He says you can establish moral theory without any heteronomous laws. You can base a morality just on consistency. (interpretation of kant). What is a maxim? It i...

Philosophy
PHIL 201
James Scow
PHIL 201 Lecture Notes - Naturalistic Fallacy

Both part of same university, but there was a movement in ethics called intuitionism. Prichard and moore. Ethics would define its terms. You would expect this, but it is a view that the term good, is not defineable in the ...

Philosophy
PHIL 201
James Scow
Mackie and Rawls

10/15/13 Mack

Philosophy
PHIL 201
James Scow
PHIL 201 Lecture Notes - Bla Bla Bla, Rule Utilitarianism, Meta-Ethics

10/29/13 Brandt-utilitarianism Meta ethical vs. normative theories  Defense of a form of utilitarianism, called rule utilitarianism. Many philosophers we’ve studied have gone over utilitarianism. He begins ...

Philosophy
PHIL 201
James Scow
PHIL 201 Lecture Notes - Fetus, Ten Commandments

11/7/13 Marquie p. 836  A big part of the paper is how he discusses the overall debate of abortion. He doesn’t bring in his thesis till p. 841  He thinks it hasn’t been working because of what he calls...

Philosophy
PHIL 201
James Scow
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Dualism (Philosophy Of Mind), Ethical Egoism, Noumenon

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM PPhilosophy METAPHYSICS I: UNIVERSALS ...

Philosophy
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