PSYC 4364 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Terror Management Theory, Albert Bandura, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
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Context: models help us look at the risk and protective factors
What are vulnerabilities and protective factors that contribute to the devel. Of PTSD? Dose
Response, Diathesis Stress, Genetic-Environ, Classical Conditioning?
What models might help explain one’s functioning days, months, and years after event?
*caveat -- behavior not always linear, but more interactive
**test qs: put your model into a context (how can your model be used to help/understand how
survivors function before/during/after a traumatic event) diff examples of trauma
(world view, social cog theory, post traumatic growth, terror management theory)
World View Model -
Describes an individual’s or society’s perception of the world around them. Fundamental
cog orientation of an individ or society. “One’s total outlook on life”
Model caters to worldview then undergoing psych treatment
Articles Supporting Model:
PTSD - tested college students.
Shattered - when trauma occurs is it more likely for ptsd b/c can’t fit with world view?
Some worldviews that you have conflict with each other. Thus which world view do you choose
to identify or use for therapy? Many of them don’t work well for quantitative data. Very individual
To what extent does the model adapt to the law of parsimony??? ****** know how parsimonious
it is -- not well adapted, not very parsimonious
Applies to texas church shooting - applies to religious and political aspects of worldview
Soc Cog Theory Model
Albert Bandura 1960 , aka Social LEarning THeory
Learning occurs in social context w/ reciprocal interaction between person, environ,
People regulate behavior thru control and reinforcement to achieve goal directed
behavior maintained over time (not just why behavior started)
To what extent do the various components of the model help us understand individ’s
functioning? About all models. Exp looks at environ and personal
Post traumatic growth model - has some ambiguities
All these models have empirical support but also have some conceptual problems
Terror Management Theory Model
Have non conscious thought of death, try to cope with that, leads to anxiety and distress