PSYC 4364 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety Disorder
24 views2 pages
● Understanding the Traumatized Child *****know for test
○ What are some forms of trauma and neglect experienced by foster children?
○ What kinds of feelings do trauma and neglect produce?
○ How does trauma cause children to provoke people into rejecting or victimizing
○ Why do traumatized children have difficulties in relating to caregivers?
○ What types of actors can be triggering for traumatized children?
● Truama is cumulative - things don’t get better for these kids
● FActs about traumatized child
○⅕ boys sexually abused in foster system and ¼ of girls, per year
○ Many times these estimates are underestimates
■ Many have experienced multiple traumas (complex trauma - abused on
○ What are common disorders found among children in foster homes?
■ General anxiety disorder
■ Oppositional defiant disorder
■ Conduct disorder
■ Depression - most crippling, and often leads to suicide
● Will look more like angry than depressed
● Depression is masked (hidden) by anger, rage, worry, and a ‘non
● Freud called depression: anger turned inward
■ PTSD IS OFTEN OVERLOOKED IN KIDS
● b/c it’s not on their radar
● b/c they don’t think kids can experience
○ Many foster kids
■ Internalize negative events (blame self)
■ Core belief is “i am a bad person” Ehlers & Clark model (appraisal) (social
● Lazarus and folkman model (coping, core beliefs)
■ Threshold lower for danger (hypervigilance) (aka overreactive cluster of
■ Traumatized kids often cannot “self soothe” : poor self regulation of anger,
fear, anxiety that interferes with processing of information
● Self soothing = ability to regulate your behavior/ability to cope/
calm yourself down
● Conceptualize ability to self soothe: social cog model OR lazarus
and folkman coping model
■ Replay neg event over and over (often unconsciously) similar to
○ Neurological Effects of Trauma