PSYC 4364 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety Disorder

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Published on 19 May 2018
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Understanding the Traumatized Child *****know for test
What are some forms of trauma and neglect experienced by foster children?
What kinds of feelings do trauma and neglect produce?
How does trauma cause children to provoke people into rejecting or victimizing
them?
Why do traumatized children have difficulties in relating to caregivers?
What types of actors can be triggering for traumatized children?
Truama is cumulative - things don’t get better for these kids
FActs about traumatized child
boys sexually abused in foster system and ¼ of girls, per year
Many times these estimates are underestimates
Many have experienced multiple traumas (complex trauma - abused on
multiple occasions)
What are common disorders found among children in foster homes?
General anxiety disorder
Oppositional defiant disorder
ADHD
Conduct disorder
Depression - most crippling, and often leads to suicide
Will look more like angry than depressed
Depression is masked (hidden) by anger, rage, worry, and a ‘non
caring’ attitude
Freud called depression: anger turned inward
PTSD IS OFTEN OVERLOOKED IN KIDS
b/c it’s not on their radar
b/c they don’t think kids can experience
Many foster kids
Internalize negative events (blame self)
Core belief is “i am a bad person” Ehlers & Clark model (appraisal) (social
cognitive?)
Lazarus and folkman model (coping, core beliefs)
Threshold lower for danger (hypervigilance) (aka overreactive cluster of
ptsd)
Traumatized kids often cannot “self soothe” : poor self regulation of anger,
fear, anxiety that interferes with processing of information
Self soothing = ability to regulate your behavior/ability to cope/
calm yourself down
Conceptualize ability to self soothe: social cog model OR lazarus
and folkman coping model
Replay neg event over and over (often unconsciously) similar to
re-experiencing
Neurological Effects of Trauma
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