GFA 209 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Mercosur

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Spanish Colonization
1. Same as for Middle America
2. New participant- Portugal
3. Treaty of Tordesillas 1494
4. Portuguese same as spanish except they don’t find rich indigenous states so have no
useable labor force
a. Slaves from Africa
Colombia
1. Geography
2. 1st Democratic country in South America
3. Most economically diverse country
a. Coffee, sugar, coal, oil, textiles
4. Prone to civil wars
5. Cocaine
a. Insurgent state
6. Recently signed treaty to end 50 year civil war
Venezuela
1. Good agriculture originally
2. Agriculture discontinued after discovering oil
3. Poor management of the economy
4. Authoritarian government comes to power
5. Country in crisis
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The Andean West
1. Andes Mountains are the dominant factor for these countries
2. Center of Incan Empire
3. Altitudinal Zonation
a. Changes rules of latitude
b. Perú, Bolivia, Ecuador
c. Indigenous population relegated to Tierra Fria and Tierra Helada
Peru
1. Mountains divide Peru into 3 parts
a. Desert coast
i. European/Mestizo
ii. Fishing and agricultural
b. Andean Mountain region
i. Indigenous
ii. Mineral wealth
c. Orientate
i. Indigenous and Mestizo
ii. Oil and Gas
2. Good leadership
a. Working to make everyone equal
Ecuador
1. Smallest of 3 states
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