Crm J 420 Final Exam Study Guide
1. Plain view doctrine- items that are within sight of an officer who is legally in the place
from which the view is made, may properly be seized without a warrant (4 amendment
is not applicable).
2. Hot pursuit- if someone is in a hot pursuit and the police end up seeing something that is
illegal in someone’s house (ex. Meth lab), the police are able to stop and arrest that
person too. Police are able to go wherever the person goes that they are in hot pursuit
3. Inadvertence rule- the officer must have no prior knowledge that the evidence was
present in place; discovery must be purely accidental (no longer a plain view
4. Plain smell, hearing, and feel- the item has to be plainly visible to the officer. Ex. Sees
marijuana on the desk, can seize it. Smells marijuana, cannot be seized in the course of a
search and is unjustifiable. If probable cause and presence of exigent circumstances, can
seize validly without warrant.
5. Immediately recognizable requirements- recognition of the items in plain view must be
immediate and not the result of further prying or examination. Items must be out in the
open and it must be “immediately apparent” that they are sizeable.
6. Reasonable expectation of privacy
7. Mechanical aids and plain view
8. Photo identification
11. Custodial Interrogation
14. Public Safety Exception
15. Focus of investigation test