PHI 1120 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Whistleblower, Thesis Statement, Academic Dishonesty

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Argument Evaluation Essay Assignment Instructions
Due 12/7/16
25% of course grade
Write a short essay (at least 4 pages of text, not including title page and the works cited
section, typed, double-spaced, 12 font) evaluating the Employee Loyalty Argument.
Employee Loyalty Argument
Premise 1. If employees have a duty of loyalty to the companies that employ
them, then it is rational for employees to expect companies to recognize and fulfill
a duty of loyalty to their employees.
Premise 2. It is false that it is rational for employees to expect companies to
recognize and fulfill a duty of loyalty to their employees.
Conclusion. It is false that employees have a duty of loyalty to the companies that
employ them.
[Ronald Duska, “Whistleblowing and Employee Loyalty”, (Clancy Marti, Wayne Vaught, Robert
C. Solomon, Ethics Across the Professions: A Reader for Professional Ethics, Oxford, 2010), pp.
294-298.]
Determine whether or not the Employee Loyalty Argument is deductively sound. ‘Deductively
sound argument’ is defined as an argument that is deductively valid and has only true premises.
The Employee Loyalty Argument is deductively valid. ‘Deductively valid argument’ is
defined as an argument such that the truth of its premises would guarantee the truth of its
conclusion. Explain at the beginning of your essay that the Employee Loyalty Argument is
deductively valid, but that in order to show its conclusion is true, it must also be deductively
sound.
Explain and justify your key claims by arguing for their truth. Explicate the meanings of
technical terms and key terms and phrases by defining them and giving examples of how they are
used. Define ‘deductively valid’ and ‘deductively sound’, using the definitions provided in the
previous paragraph. Define ‘loyalty’. Use the sense of ‘loyalty’ intended by Duska, the author of
the argument. On page 295 Duska shows that he is using ‘loyalty’ to mean, at least,
‘wholehearted devotion’.
Correctly employ ‘deductively valid’ and ‘deductively sound’ in your essay. Your essay must
focus on whether or not your chosen target argument is deductively sound. This involves
discussing the questions of the argument’s deductive validity or invalidity, and whether or not all
its premises are true. Use the “Structure of Argument Evaluation Essays” section, below, to
structure your essay and for further instructions. Use MLA in-text citations and a Works Cited
page. Plagiarism will result in an “F”.
A lecture on the Employee Loyalty Argument and Ronald Duska’s “Whistleblowing and
Employee Loyalty” will be posted in the EchoCenter. You are required to cite the lecture and use
it in your essay. For example, the lecture will explain how the premises of the argument should
be interpreted and the logic of the argument.
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