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Lecture 2

SOC 111 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Xenocentrism, Cultural Relativism, Ethnocentrism

Course Code
SOC 111

of 2
Lecture Notes 8/30/16
Sociology 111
Culture- Values, beliefs, behaviors, and material objects that together, form a people’s way of
*We are all members of society
-We transmit our culture from generation to generation
*The WAY (1) you talk is culture, NOT, HOW (2) you talk.
(1) the way that you say certain words
(2) languages
Non-Material Culture:
The way that you:
Material Culture:
Hair Color
Being different
*Language is the KEY to transmit information (Symbolic Systems)
*Gestures and symbols help transmit information as well*
When you value your own culture over another culture.
When you value your own culture less than other cultures (Their culture is better)
Cultural Relativism
No culture is better than another
All are equally respected/valued
*Meanings and actions vary from culture to culture and from person to person
*Facial expressions and body language is the first thing people notice about you
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*The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
The way we look at the world is imbedded in the way we speak
*Values- what you believe in
*Norms- What society say you need to do to fit in
*Mores- Stronger norms with moral values (rape/murder)
*Mores can become laws*
*When you violate social norms you get a sanction
Cultural Lag
Ex. Something in LA may have a product but it may be a month later before it is ever
available in Wichita.
oHappens globally as well
*Material Cultural usually changes before nonmaterial cultural does
Ex. Someone wears a new dress on the red carpet and 2 weeks later everybody can get it
*The longer you are exposed to a new culture, you will pick up on different things and intergrade
them into your own culture.
*Sub cultures are somewhat different but mostly the same as the main culture.
*Counter cultures are completely different than the main culture.
*Have to have factualist perspective to function
*Symbolic- things have to be agreed on
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