ENG 3220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Restoration Literature, Political Philosophy, Blank Verse

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Published on 20 Sep 2016
School
Department
Course
Professor
Politicism & Revolution
Restoration (1660- 1688)
Enlightenment (1688- 1789)
Romanticism (1789-1837)
Victorian Period (1837-1901)
Themes
Politics & Revolution
Enlightenment (science and Religion)
Romanticism (Nature & Emotions
Rise of the Middle Class
Marriage, Gender, and Sexuality
Empire
Henry 8th
Most famous & awful king of England
Chopped the heads off of his wives
Formed the Church of England so he could divorce his 1st wife
Protestant Reformation (1529- Ongoing)
Money: indulgences (the practice of paying for the forgiveness of yours and everyone else’s sins
made the church very rich
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Power: a wealthy church in control of monarchies. Made it so that the people needed the
church to be saved.
Superstition: Church doctrines difficult to know directly because written and discussed in Latin
Catholic Church decided to kill people in order to stop the reformation, which made people mad and
furthered the revolution
Henry 8th went to the Pope to get his marriage annulled. The Pope said so, so he started his own Church
This wasn’t just convenient for Henry because half the country was converting to Protestantism
3rd Act of Succession- Edward (Henry’s son) gets to be the King; however, when the Son was to be
passed the crown he was only 9 years old, but if he dies or something then Mary (from his first wife)
would take over
The Monarchy and the Church
Catholicism: Divine Right
- The King answers to no one except God, who has bestowed upon the king a special right to rule
Protestantism: Parliament/ People
- The king’s right to rule is agreed upon by the Parliament, which represents the will of the people
to which the king is beholden
Catholic King- answers to no one
Protestant King- answers to the people
Mary- Catholic and killed protestant
Elizabeth- protestant and didn’t marry anyone
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