MUS 2420 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Simon Fraser University Pipe Band, Grace Note, Head Voice

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8 Feb 2017
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Lecture 12
Sound:
The Scottish highland bagpipe is the most commonly played bagpipe
Scotland the brave features a quadruple meter making it suitable for marches as well
as for slower solemn processions
Each phrase consists of four measures of 4 beats each
Listening 36 features ornaments called grace notes or gracings
Cutting: is the insertion of grace notes to divide a sustained sound into 2 or more
distinct parts, without the grace note, a continuous pitch would sound
Listening 36:
Scotland the brave (march)
1996
Performed by The Simon Fraser University Pipe Band
Tempo: moderate quadruple meter
Function: a march played at parades and other public occasions
Massive sound of the pipe band whose chanters have a range of just over an octave
and whose drones provide a constant harmonic background
Gracing that separate and embellish pitches
Compound ornaments which consist of several grace notes in rapid succession
including double, birl and grips
o The distinctive sound of the Scottish pipes is reflected in Scottish and Irish vocal
music
o A vocal style that imitate the bagpipes is called “mouth music”
o Listening 37 demonstrates how the voice uses vocables to indicate bagpipe
melodies and heir gracings
Listening 37:
Canntaireachd (Scottish mouth music) 1971
Performed by Miss Mary Morrison
Form: 2 part (binary) form
Tempo: upbeat and lively
Vocal techniques that uses vocables to imitate bagpipe melody and ornaments
Range of just about one octave with singer imitating bagpipe timbre by using a bright,
full chest voice for pitches at the bottom of this range and lighter head voice for the
upper register
Bagpipes and gender:
Bagpipes are strongly associated with men (and Kilts) through institutions like the
military, fire and police departments
Boys begin to learn the instrument at a young age and is very popular
The Irish bagpipe has seen more female players develop
Women today are often encouraged to take up the instrument and perform in public
(this is an example of changing significance)
Listening 38:
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