L33 Psych 321 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Moral Development, Longitudinal Study, Self-Control

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Freud-psychodynamic theory: id-primitive instincts and drives, ego-practical and rational component of personality, superego- moral agent in personality. Self control: what is it, the ability to control behavior and inhibit impulsive responding to temptations, piaget"s theory on moral development, no well-defined ideas about morality- 2-4 years, moral realism-5 years. Immanent justice-if they break a rule, they will be punished: moral relativism-8 years, kohlberg"s theory of moral judgment, longitudinal studies, stage theory, universal, reasoning, not decision. Heinz"s story: kohlberg"s stages of moral development, preconventional level: punishment and reward. Self-interest, expect favor in return (steal: conventional level: social level: social norms. Win approval of others (shouldn"t steal, other people wouldn"t approve or should steal because he loves his wife and carry out role of husband) Follow rules to maintain social order (shouln"t steal and not break law: post conventional level: moral codes. Adhere to social contract when it"s valid (steal negative consequence if you don"t)

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