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Lecture 35

SEP 271 Lecture Notes - Lecture 35: Social Control, Émile Durkheim, False Consciousness


Department
Sport and Exercise Psychology
Course Code
SEP 271
Professor
Alexander Sturges
Lecture
35

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SEP 271
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELIGION AND SOCIETY
Religion: Belief that supernatural forces influence human lives
The sociologist Emile Durkheim
Religion is a social institution
Maintains and transmits belief system Moral conduct
Symbolic practices
PERSONAL AND SOCIAL ROLES OF RELIGION
Personal level: Emotional support in an uncertain world
Interpersonal level: Social bonding
Social institutional level
Promotes social integration
Legitimizes secular social structures
Social control
Passes along social obligations
“Well where would you get your values?”
Religion has served the needs and actions of many influential individuals (kings, rulers, etc).
CONFLICT/ CULTURAL
Religion for social control has been harmful to poor and oppressed people.
Religion has been a means of legitimating the interests of the dominant class,
justifying existing social injustices and inequalities
like a narcotic, lulling people into ready acceptance of the status quo “false consciousness.”
“Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of
soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people.” – Karl Marx
HISTORICAL CONNECTIONS
Ancient Greece
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