PSYC 353 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Learned Helplessness, Intimate Partner Violence, Protective Factor

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29 Jan 2018
Intimate Partner Violence
Class Notes
Why domestic violence victims don’t leave // Leslie Morgan Steiner TED talk:
-Domestic violence is not just a women’s issue
-85% of abusers = men
-Made her feel like the dominant partner in the relationship by idolizing her; confided in her by
revealing he was physically abused by his step father
-There was no hint of violence in the beginning
-The first step in GBV = seduction/charm and isolation
-He bought guns to “make himself feel protected from the trauma he endured as a child”
-She was beaten 1-2x per week by her husband
-70% of victims who left their abusers were killed after the fact
-15 million children abused every year
-Too dangerous to leave an abusercan result in murder, long-term stalking, denial of financial
resources, or manipulation of family court system
-Breaking the silence = way to help abuse victims
-Something must have happened to scare her so bad where she thought she was going to
die if she stayed, so she spoke out
-Stages of domestic violence:
1) Seduce/charm made her feel unique/special/loved
2) Isolation hide physical signs of violence and remove victim from family/friends
3) Control telling her what she can/can’t do
4) Threat of violence buying guns and hiding them
5) First incident of violence her frustration was an excuse for him to get angry/choke
her; promises the incident won’t happen again; victim blames herself
6) Repeated violence
7) Extreme danger/killing
-Why don’t survivors leave?
-Don’t see it as abuse
-More dangerous to leave than to stay
Chapter 2 Notes Cont’d:
-1/3 of offenders had no prior criminal history, 1/3 had prior nonviolent criminal history, 1/3 had
prior violent criminal history
-IPV can range from mild to severe
-Leslie Morgan Steiner severe IPV
-Drug/alcohol use = moderate variable/predictor of IPV
-The more protective factors and fewer risk factors, the less likely one will commit IPV
-i.e. of risk factor poor academic functioning or mental illness
-i.e. of protective factor good/strong relationship with family
-Typology = different ways violence is being conducted
-Four types of IPV:
1) Intimate terrorism = one partner attempting to control other partner through violence
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