PSYC 353 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Telomere, Microsoft Powerpoint, Homicide

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12 Mar 2018
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Chapter 12: Children Exposed to Domestic Violence
3/12/18
First Impressions: Exposure to Violence & A Child’s Developing Brain (Video)
-The younger you are, the more sponge-like your brain is younger children = most vulnerable
to trauma
-Repeated exposure to violence impacts brain development
-Children under constant stress/anxiety
-Top part of the brain = most malleable
-Development of the top brain influences development of the bottom part of brain
-Thinking (in top part of brain) shut down during exposure to violence
-Difficulty in attachment/bonding
-Being bad/difficult = survival strategy
-End up with mental health issues
-Exposure to violence = lifetime legacy affects how one will parent one day
-Children learn how to deal with stress from parents
-Children need to be able to talk about their feelings and hear that it’s not their fault
-Need to find healthy adults to connect to
-The brain cortex can heal and form new neurons
-A child’s brain will become exactly what it’s exposed to (i.e. kindness will be rewarded with
kindness)
-Everyone’s behavior is a result of their past experiences
-It’s never too late to try to change
PowerPoint Notes
30 Years of Research: Domestic Violence & Children
1) Children exposed to DV are a heterogeneous group with unique experiences that influence
which interventions are most effective
-Prenatal exposure still possible**
2) Experiencing violence between caregivers is detrimental (no matter when or how long)
-Meta-analysis results found exposure to DV is a non-specific risk factor that leads to
internalizing, externalizing, traumatic, and academic functioning disorders
3) A developmental perspective is necessary to understand the impact of DV on children
-Erikson psychosocial stage 1: trust vs. mistrust
4) Exposure to DV may only be one of many other risk factors that could include poverty,
neighborhood, parental mental health, and homelessness
5) Children exposed to DV may also experience multiple types of violence
-Polyvictimization
-Quantity and intensity should be considered
-66% of children exposed to DV were also exposed to at least one other type of
victimization; 33% were exposed to 5+ types; 10% = 11+
6) Exposure to DV can have detrimental consequences on the developing brain
-Exposure to 2-3 types of violence was associated with “Telomere Erosion” (a sign of
wear and tear on the brain that leads to premature aging and early death)
7) Children may witness lethal violence and/or become victims of homicide themselves
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