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Lecture 22

PSYC 365 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Pelvic Pain, Marital Rape, Date Rape


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 365
Professor
Jebens
Lecture
22

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Chapter 14: The Victimization of Women
Class Notes
11/13/17
The definition of rape differs in each state
Each definition includes a victim
Rape (Kilpatrick et al., 2007) =
-Non-consensual oral, anal, or vaginal sex
-Obtained by force or threat of force
-Victim may not be able to give consent
-Unable = intoxicated or unconscious
Prevalence Rates
-93,400 cases of rape in the U.S.
-63 reported rapes for every 100,000 women
-Most rapes go unreported (female college students)
-28% had experienced an act that met the legal definition of rape
-A woman has a 15-25% chance of being raped in her lifetime
Impact of Rape
-Mental health more likely to develop anxiety, depression, PTSD, suicidal thoughts/behaviors
-Self-image self-blame and low self-esteem
-Physical health STIs, pregnancy, chronic pelvic pain, other sexual disorders
-Affects all women, not just victims
-Most women have a fear of rape limits/changes their behavior in certain
situations/activities
Date Rape
-40% of adolescent participants reported they were raped by someone they knew
-Most common form of rape, especially on college campuses
-Typically caused by a miscommunication; alcohol only makes this worse
-Date rape is fairly common
-Men tend to misinterpret a woman’s friendliness as an invitation for sexual encounter
Profile of a rapist no typical rapist
-4 risk factors:
1) Violent home environment
2) Delinquency
3) Sexual promiscuity
4) Hostile masculine personality
-Protective factors:
1) Empathy
2) Not self-centered
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