BIOLOGY 1M03

Biodiversity, Evolution and Humanity

McMaster University

Fundamental evolutionary and ecological concepts with particular reference to the diversity of life.

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[BIOLOGY 1M03] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 54 pages long Study Guide!

McMaster BIOLOGY 1M03 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE find more resources at oneclass.com BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 1 Chapter 1 Biology and the Tree of Life Key Concepts Organisms are alive Cell theory involves the idea that all organis...

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Exam Solutions for BIOLOGY 1M03

BIOLOGY 1M03 Study Guide - Fall 2019, Final - List Of Excel Saga Characters, Statistical Parameter, Joule
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find more resources at oneclass.com Chapter 9 - Working with Numbers find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com ...

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All BIOLOGY 1M03 Materials | Fall 2015

BIOLOGY 1M03 Final: Complete and Comprehensive 68 Page Final Exam Study Guide Fall 2015
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Biodiversity, Evolution and Humanity Final Exam Study Guide McMaster University Fall 2015BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 3 The Tree of Life Key Concepts of Life: The main concept of life is that organisms are alive, me...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 37 - Restoration Ecology, Habitat Destruction, Holocene Extinction
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 37 Biodiversity and Conservation Biology (Continued) Review: Biodiversity is quantified at the level of allelic diversity, species diversity, and ecosystem diversity Genetic diversity is well character...

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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 36 - Genetic Diversity, Holocene Extinction, Ecosystem Diversity
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 36 Biodiversity and Conservation Biology Key Points: Biodiversity is quantified at the level of: Allelic diversity Species diversity Ecosystem diversity According to recent analyses, the sixth mass ext...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 35 - Decomposer
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 35 Ecosystems Key Concepts: An ecosystem has 4 components Abiotic environment Primary producers Consumers Decomposers These components are linked by the movement of energy and nutrients As energy flows...

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Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 34 - Population Ecology, Ecolo
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 34 Population Ecology Key Concepts: Population Ecology: The study of how and why the number of individuals in a population changes over time Life tables summarize how likely individuals of each age cla...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 33 - Reciprocal Altruism, Ecolo, Mate Choice
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 33 Behavioural Ecology (Continued) Cooperation: Altruism Behaviour that has a fitness cost to the individual exhibiting the behaviour and a fitness benefit to the recipient of the behaviour Formal term...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 32 - Waggle Dance, Proximate And Ultimate Causation, Ecolo
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 32 Behavioural Ecology Proximate and Ultimate Causation: Most behavioural studies start by carefully observing what animals do in response to specific problems or situations. As research progresses, in...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 31 - Bromus Tectorum, Biogeography
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 31 Introduction to Ecology (Continued) Biogeography: Abiotic Factors: Because of fitness tradeoffs, organisms tend to be adapted to a limited set of physical conditions to a particular temperature and ...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 30 - Upwelling, Evapotranspiration, Ecolo
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 30 Introduction to Ecology (Continued) Aquatic Ecosystems: Aquatic ecosystems depend on temperature, nutrients, light, and wind There are more nutrients at the oceans bottom There is less oxygen at the...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 29 - Environmentalism, Ecolo
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 29 Introduction to Ecology Definitions: Environmental Science: Asks about biology and how it interacts with sociology, politics, and economics Environmentalism: A social movement dedicated to protectin...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 28 - Inbreeding Avoidance, Genetic Load, Observational Learning
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 28 Evolution of Modern Humans (Continued) *Lecture was a quick runthrough more is to be later explained* Human Behaviour human behaviour evolved in the environment of evolutionary adaptation maybe refl...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 27 - Gene Expression, Phenotype, Social Facilitation
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 27 Human of Human Behavior Questions: What aspects of human behaviour are due to natural selection? How are they selected? How do we know? How do genetic and cultural evolution interact? How does evolv...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 26 - Horizontal Transmission, Weaning, Alcohol Dependence
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 26 Human Population Genetics (Continued) Alcohol Dependence: Alcohol dependence is related to our genetics. It can also be environmental related No alcohol=no alcoholism Nonalcohol parents=less stress=...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 25 - Cystic Fibrosis, Effective Population Size, Vicia Faba
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 25 Human Population Genetics (Continued) Selective Sweep: Effective population size is only the number giving birth to the new generation. MalariaProtective Variation: Hemoglobin variants include blo...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 24 - Hexosaminidase, Population Genetics, Genetic Drift
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 24 Human Population Genetics (Continued) MutationSelection Balance: The mutationselection balance is analogous to the HardyWeinberg equilibrium equation. Drift: Genetic drift happens in small and isola...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 23 - Population Genetics, Epistasis, Phenylketonuria
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 23 Human Population Genetics Regulatory Changes: Most of the differences between humans and chimps are driven by regulation. We have the same genes, but we express the longer, at different times, more,...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 22 - Introgression, Denisovan, Gene Duplication
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 22 Evolution of Modern Humans (Continued) Fossil Evidence Overlap: Complicationdepartures happen from simple haploid trees, leading to nonconsistent gene trees Gene duplication Recombination Introgress...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 21 - Chromosome, Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism, Denisovan
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 21 Evolution of Modern Humans (Continued) Our Behaviour: There is morphological evidence for walking, language (cranial morphology), etc There is extended phenotype archaeological evidence of more comp...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 20 - Zygosity, Sub-Saharan Africa, Hominidae
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 20 Evolution of Modern Humans Thinking About Biology: Skepticism is valued in biology, but objectivity should be strived for. ...as an adolescent, I aspired to lasting fame, I craved factual certainty,...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 18 - Sterkfontein, Australopithecus Anamensis, Scapula
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 18 From Hominoid to Hominin Hominins: Six million years ago, climate and geographic change led to the evolution of hominins. Cooling, less rain, rain seasonality, woodland, and savanna spread did so. H...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 17 - Strepsirrhini, Oligocene, Quadrupedalism
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 17 Introduction to Human Evolution (Continued) Eocene Primates: Adapids could have possibly been Strepsirrhine ancestors. They are larger than omomyids, are diurnal, and carry out quadrupedalism Omomyi...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 19 - Insular Dwarfism, Hyoid Bone, Bipedalism
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 19 From Hominin to Homo Origins of Homo sapiens: Eating meat promotes sharing food and cooperation Homo became a genus around 2.3 million years ago from Africa Homo had larger brains, smaller teeth, Au...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 16 - Adapidae, Tropical And Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests, Simian
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 16 Introduction to Human Evolution Key Terms: Primitive: Recall that there is no such thing as higher or lower organisms (primitive or advanced), there primitive means ancestrally older. Population: Po...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 15 - Genetic Drift, Ediacara Hills, Shocked Quartz
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 15 Phylogenies and the History of Life (Continued) Morphological Innovation: Morphological innovation also can trigger adaptive radiations, as was seen in the Cambrian explosion. Many important diversi...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 13 - Bayesian Probability, Synapomorphy, Convergent Evolution
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 13 Phylogenies and the History of Life Mutations (Continued): Phylogenetic trees are diagrams that may be interpreted as documenting inferred evolutionary relationships among organisms and are constr...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 14 - Even-Toed Ungulate, Permineralization, Proterozoic
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 14 Phylogenies and the History of Life (Continued) SINEs: Morerecently obtained and analyzed data on gene sequences called short interspersed nuclear elements (SINEs) show that whales and hippos shar...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 12 - Mitosis, Reproductive Isolation, Disruptive Selection
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 12 Speciation (Continued) How can Polyploidy Lead to Speciation: If populations become isolated, it is unlikely that mutation, by itself, could cause them to diverge appreciably. Mutation, however, th...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 11 - Hybrid Zone, National Institute Of Standards And Technology, Genetic Drift
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 11 Speciation Key Concepts: Speciation occurs when populations of the same species become genetically isolated by lack of gene flow and then diverge from each other due to any among the other 4 factor...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 10 - Pipefish, Genotype Frequency, Assortative Mating
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 10 Evolutionary Process (Continued) Mutations (Continued): As an evolutionary mechanism, mutation effects change relatively slowly compared with natural selection, genetic drift, and gene flow. Mutat...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 9 - Founder Effect, Population Bottleneck, Mutation
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 9 Evolutionary Processes (Continued)Types of Natural Selection (Continued):Balancing selection refers to selective processes by which different alleles (different versions of a gene) are kept in the g...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 8 - G. H. Hardy, Assortative Mating, Allele Frequency
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Consistent with hypotheses when researchers want to test whether one among five factors ultimately is affecting frequencies for alleles encoding a particular trait.Four factors affect allele frequencies, and each can affec...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 7 - Allele Frequency, Evolution Of Biological Complexity, Genetic Correlation
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 7 Evolution by Natural Selection (Continued)Misconceptions on Evolution:Natural selection acts on individuals, but evolutionary change occurs only in the characteristics of a population.The individual...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 5 - Allele Frequency, Aniridia, Geologic Time Scale
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 5 Evolution by Natural SelectionKey Concepts:All populations and species undergo evolutionEvolution may be defined as changes in allele frequencies over time. There are exceptions, however, that depi...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 4 - Phylogenetic Tree, Ribosomal Rna, Design Of Experiments
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 4 The Tree of Life (Continued)Using Molecules to Understand the Tree of Life:Carl Woese and colleagues studied a small subunit known as rRNA, as a means for understanding the evolutionary relationshi...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 6 - Natural Experiment, Rifampicin, Allele Frequency
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 6 Evolution by Natural Selection (Continued)Expansion on Homologies:Developmental homology is known as similarities in embryonic traits.An example of this type of homology is the gill pouches found d...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 3 - Cell Theory, Natural Selection, Robert Hooke
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 3 The Tree of LifeKey Concepts of Life:The main concept of life is that organisms are alive, meaning they display the ability to grow, metabolize, reproduce, respond to the environment by processing ...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture Notes - Fall 2015, Lecture 1 - Institution Of Civil Engineers
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 1 Course IntroductionThe Instructional Team:Alastair Tracey: Known as the Tutorial course coordinator.Handles grades, the Avenue, coordinates TAs and tutorials, administers tests, deals with missed w...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone
BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 2: Dr. Stone’s Introduction
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BIOLOGY 1M03 Lecture 2 Dr. Stones IntroductionJon Stone:Dr. Stone, also known as Doc Roc, is an associate professor in the Department of Biology, is the SHARCNet Chair in computational biology, and a former associate dir...

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BIOLOGY 1M03
Jon Stone

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