PLAGIARISM AND CHEATING (University of Manitoba Undergraduate Calendar, p. 27)
To plagiarize is to take ideas or words of another person and pass them off as one’s own. In short, it is stealing
something intangible rather than an object. Obviously it is not necessary to state the source of well known or easily
verifiable facts, but students are expected to acknowledge the sources of ideas and expressions they use in their
written work, whether quoted directly or paraphrased. This applies to diagrams, statistical tables and the like, as
well as to written material, and materials or information from Internet sources. To provide adequate documentation
is not only an indication of academic honesty but also a courtesy which enables the reader to consult these sources
with ease. Failure to do so constitutes plagiarism. It will also be considered plagiarism and/or cheating if a student
submits a term paper written in whole or in part by someone other than him/herself, or copies the answer or
answers of another student in any test, examination, or takehome assignment.
Plagiarism or any other form of cheating in examinations or term tests (e.g., crib notes) is subject to serious
academic penalty (e.g. suspension or expulsion from the faculty or university). A student found guilty of
contributing to cheating in examinations or term assignments is also subject to serious academic penalty.
EXAMINATIONS: PERSONATIONS (University of Manitoba Undergraduate Calendar, p. 26)
A student who arranges for another individual to undertake or write any nature of examination for and on his/her
behalf, as well as the individual who undertakes or writes the examination, will be subject to discipline under the
university’s Student Discipline Bylaw, which could lead to suspension or expulsion from the university. In
addition, the Canadian Criminal Code treats the personation of a candidate at a competitive or qualifying
examination held at a university as an offence punishable by summary conviction. Section 362 of the Code
Personation at Examination
362. Every one who falsely, with intent to gain advantage for him/herself or some other person, personates a
candidate at a competitive or qualifying examination held under the authority of law or in connection with a
university, college or school or who knowingly avails him/herself of the results of such personation is guilty of an
offence punishable on summary conviction. 1953 54,c.51,s.347.
Both the personator and the individual who avails him/herself of the personation could be found guilty. Summary
conviction could result in a fine being levied or up to two years of imprisonment.
FACULTY OF SCIENCE STATEMENT ON ACADEMIC DISHONESTY
The Faculty of Science and The University of Manitoba regard acts of academic
dishonesty in quizzes, tests, examinations, laboratory reports or assignments as serious offences and may assess a
variety of penalties depending on the nature of the offence.
Acts of academic dishonesty include, but are not limited to bringing unauthorized
materials into a test or exam, copying from another individual, using answers provided by tutors, plagiarism, and
Note: cell phones, pagers, PDAs, MP3 units or electronic translators are explicitly listed as unauthorized
materials, and must not be present during tests or examinations.
Penalties that may apply, as provided for under the University of Manitoba's Student Discipline ByLaw, range
from a grade of zero for the assignment or examination, failure in the course, to expulsion from the University. The
Student Discipline ByLaw may be accessed at: