Biology 153: Human Anatomy and Physiology
Biology 155: Human Physiology
Biology 153 (7 credit) is designed for, but not restricted to students in Dental Hygiene,
Midwifery, Food & Nutrition Science, and applying for entry into the School of Nursing.
Prerequisites include Biology 11 or 12 plus Chemistry 11 and 12 (or equivalent). Biology 155 (6
credit) is the lecture portion of the biology 153 course and is open to the general student body. We
assume that students have some previous knowledge of biological principles and basic organic
Biology 153 has two components: lecture (2.8 hr/week) and laboratory (3 hr/week). Lectures
emphasize the understanding of basic concepts in biology, such as the function of enzymes or the
role of major cellular organelles, as well as the fundamental concepts in human physiology, such as
ionic mechanisms of generation of action potentials or kidney function. In addition, the importance
of interactions between organ systems to maintain homeostasis is stressed throughout the year.
Most laboratories emphasize the relationship between structure and function of the human body,
allowing students to relate the laboratory material to the physiological concepts studied in lectures.
In addition, the bulk of the instruction in Anatomy is accomplished in the laboratory sessions.
Finally, several laboratories involve hands-on experiments that investigate organ physiology or test
responses of the human organism to changes in the environmental conditions.
The thorough approach to study of the human anatomy and physiology offered in Biology 153 is
designed to equip students for successful completion of courses in the Nursing Program, as well as
Dental Hygiene and Midwifery, and, more importantly, for future practice in these professions.
Overall Course Objectives
By the end of this course students are expected to:
Have developed thorough understanding of fundamental concepts in human physiology,
interactions between major physiological systems, and the effects of selected pathological
conditions on the function of these systems and their specific organs.
Have developed solid knowledge of human anatomy including the understanding of the cause-
effect relationship between structure and function of tissues, organs, and systems.
Be able to think critically about the importance and impact of physiology of the human body on
the nursing practice.
Have demonstrated a high degree of maturity and professionalism expected of future health care
Biology 155 is the lecture-only version of this program (2.8 hr/week). As such, it is primarily a
foundational course in human physiology, suitable for students in General Sciences, Biology, and as
a preparatory course for the Health Sciences, including Medicine and Dentistry (Biol 155 is not a
pre-requisite for these programs). The focus is to study human physiology and understand how
physiological changes enable the human body to adapt to varying environmental challenges. As
stated above for Biol 153, lectures emphasize the understanding of basic concepts in biology, such
as the function of enzymes or the role of major cellular organelles, as well as the fundamental
concepts in human physiology, such as ionic mechanisms of generation of action potentials or
kidney function. In addition, the importance of interactions between organ systems to maintain
homeostasis is stressed throughout the year.