Introductory Psychology

University of Toronto St. George

A brief introductory survey of psychology as both a biological and social science. Topics will include physiological, learning, perceptual, motivational, cognitive, developmental, personality, abnormal, and social psychology.

24HR Notes for PSY100H1

Available 24 hours after each lecture

Ashley Waggoner Denton

PSY100H1 Syllabus for Ashley Waggoner Denton — Fall 2018

Syllabus updated: August 31, 2018
PSY100H1F L0101: Introductory Psychology
Class Meets: Tuesdays 11am-12pm & Thursdays 11am-1pm in Con Hall
Instructor: Prof. Ashley Waggoner Denton
Welcome to PSY100! This is the course - and Con Hall is the place - where I first fell in
love with psychology, and I hope that you will too. Psychology is
the scientific study of thought and behaviour. It is an incredibly
diverse discipline, as psychologists study an amazing array of
topics (e.g., memory, emotion, prejudice) from a broad range of
different perspectives (e.g., biological, sociocultural). This
course is intense, because you will be introduced to many new
concepts within a relatively short (i.e., 12 week) time-frame. You
will be expected to keep up with the reading and to learn a lot of
the material independently. However, myself and the course TAs
are always here to help. The online homework (mastery training)
and other features of the course are also designed to help keep
you on track more on this below!
Prerequisites: None
Distribution Requirement: Science
Breadth Requirement: Thought, Belief and Behaviour (2)
**Please review the section on “Email Communication” before you send an email**
Instructor: Professor Ashley Waggoner Denton
(most students call me “Dr. Denton”, which is easy to say and fine with me!)
Office: SS5016F (Sidney Smith Hall, 5th floor, through the double doors at the west end)
Phone Number: (416) 978-3020 (Please note that this is a landline and I cannot respond to
text messages! Email is the best way to reach me see p. 6)
About Me: I received my BSc (Psychology Research Specialist Program) from U of T in 2006.
After taking a year off (which I highly recommend!) I began my graduate program at Indiana
University, and I received my PhD in Social Psychology (with a minor in Statistics) in 2012. That
same year, I joined the faculty in the Psychology Department here at U of T, where I am currently
an Assistant Professor, Teaching Stream. I conduct research on a variety of topics that combine
my two major interests: social psychology and pedagogy. Outside of academia, most of my time
is dedicated to two very lovable and rambunctious four-year-olds.
Teaching Assistants
PSY100 TAs: Nichole Bouffard, Nick Diamond, Bryan Hong, Tiana Wei, Erika
Wharton-Shukster, Josh Villafuerte, Joan Ngo.
About your TAs: The PSY100 TAs are all graduate students in the Department of Psychology.
Some are Masters students, while others are just shy of obtaining their PhDs. During the first
week of class, they will all be invited to tell you a little bit about the research that they do.
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Table of Contents
Course Description.............................................................................................................. 3
Learning Outcomes ............................................................................................................. 4
Lectures ............................................................................................................................... 5
Student Support ................................................................................................................... 5
Email Communication .................................................................................................... 5
Instructor & TA Office Hours......................................................................................... 6
Peer Support .................................................................................................................... 6
Additional TA & Instructor Support ............................................................................... 7
Course Materials ................................................................................................................. 8
Assessment ........................................................................................................................ 10
Class Schedule .................................................................................................................. 12
Course Policies.................................................................................................................. 13
Additional Resources ........................................................................................................ 16
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) ................................................................................ 17
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Course Description
The purpose of this course is (somewhat obviously!) to provide you with an overview of
the field of psychology. The figure below (adapted from Gurung et al., 2016) provides a
visual representation of how this will be accomplished. Research methods and scientific
reasoning form the foundation of the discipline, and this is where we will begin what
does it mean to say that psychology is a science, and why is this important? We will then
move through each of the five main pillars (or domains) of the discipline: biological,
developmental, cognitive, social/personality, and mental/physical health. While the
specific topics that we cover will vary from pillar to pillar, we will also see how each
domain relies on the same underlying scientific principles and research methods to
answer questions about the mind and behaviour. Within each pillar we will also address
three cross-cutting themes: Application (how does this content apply to everyday
life?), variation (including cultural, social, and individual differences), and ethical
considerations. By the end of course, it will be very clear how the integration of
knowledge across each of these pillars is necessary for a complete understanding of
human behaviour.
Cross-Cutting Themes:
E.g., Application, Variation, Ethical Considerations
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Learning Outcomes
Upon completion of this course, I am confident and hopeful that you will be able to:
Goal 1: Knowledge
Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology
o Explain why psychology is a science and what it means for psychology to
be a “hub science.
o Define and explain the purpose of key research concepts that characterize
psychological research (e.g., hypothesis, operational definition).
o Describe what is meant by integration and how it applies to the
understanding of behavior.
Exhibit knowledge of psychology’s primary content domains.
o Describe key theories and concepts within each domain.
o Explain how experimental approaches have supported or refuted these key
o Identify the principle methods and types of questions that emerge in
specific content domains.
Apply psychological principles to novel examples.
Goal 2: Scientific Inquiry & Critical Thinking
Interpret, design, and evaluate psychological research.
o Describe problems operationally to study them empirically.
o Identify the advantages and disadvantages of particular research designs
and discuss the value of experimental design in justifying cause-effect
o Evaluate studies’ validity and generalizability.
Recognize subjectivity in scientific inquiry.
o Identify when and how biases are introduced into the research process.
o Understand how the historical and cultural context influence the
development and interpretation of psychological knowledge and inquiry.
Goal 3: Professional Development
Build personal relationships and interact effectively with others.
o Communicate effectively with people who have different backgrounds and
o Explain how individual differences, social identity, heuristics, and
worldview may influence your beliefs, values, and interaction with others
and vice versa.
Demonstrate self-efficacy, responsibility, and self-regulation.
o Meet deadlines, manage time wisely, seek out help from others when
o Maintain standards of academic and personal integrity.
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Class Meets: Tuesdays 11am-12pm & Thursdays 11-1pm in Convocation Hall (CH)
Please make sure that a few seats are kept available in the front row for anyone
with vision/hearing/mobility/learning/etc. challenges who may require them.
We will take one 10-minute break (at approximately 12pm) during the Thursday
lecture. Get up and move during this time, even if it’s just to stretch.
PowerPoint slides for each week will be posted to Quercus by Monday so that you
may use them to aid in note-taking.
All students are welcome in this course. If you are ever made to feel unwelcome,
either by myself or your classmates, please let me know.
I am typically available to answer questions during breaks in class or after class,
though we may need to move into the hallway in order to respect the incoming
Please be respectful of those around you, and refrain from speaking or engaging
in other distracting activities during lecture (e.g., texting, multi-tasking).
Impeding someone else’s learning is not acceptable in this classroom.
Student Support
Email Communication: Who do I contact about…?
Most Things
All general inquiries about the course, including questions about course content and
policies, class absences, homework questions, upcoming tests, missed tests, etc., must
be sent to:
You will typically receive a response from a course TA within 2 business days.
Please note that responses may be delayed during particularly busy times (e.g.,
midterms). Because of this, you are strongly encouraged to make sure that your
question has not already been answered elsewhere (e.g., in this syllabus, on
Quercus, on a course discussion board).
Experiment Credit or PSYNUP-related things
All questions relating to the PSYNUP system and participation in experiments (including
questions about missed or cancelled experiments, missing credits, trouble signing into the
PSYNup system, etc.) must be sent to:
You will typically receive a response from Hannah within 24 hours (excluding
weekends and holidays).
MindTap® Help
For technical support or any other issues with MindTap, please go to and browse the FAQs to see if your question/problem is
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addressed. If not, you may create a case with support (within MindTap, customer support
can also be accessed by clicking the link in the upper right corner). You can expect to
receive help from Cengage within one to two business days.
Personal/Private/Special Circumstances things
You may email me directly at if you would like to
set-up an appointment outside of regular office hours, if you have a personal/private
matter you would like to discuss, or for any other issue where you would like to contact
me directly. Please include “PSY100” in the subject line of your email so that it is easy
for me to identify. (Please note that any emails I receive that should instead be sent to the
general course account will be forwarded accordingly so that you may receive a timely
response from the course TAs it is not that I don’t care about your email, but I can’t
possibly respond to all course-related requests, as I’m sure you understand).
Instructor & TA Office Hours
Instructor Office Hours
Unless otherwise noted, my office hour schedule is as follows:
In-Person Office Hours (SS5016F): Fridays 12:30-2:30pm
OR you can book an appointment here:
Online Office Hours (Quercus): TBD
TA Office Hours
Unless otherwise noted, weekly TA office hours will be held:
OR email to make an alternative appointment
Peer Support: Connecting with your classmates
Recognized Study Groups
I encourage everyone to strongly consider joining or leading a study group. The Faculty
of Arts and Science has a Recognized Study Groups program that can help you facilitate
this (particularly useful if you don’t know anyone else in the class!). If you become a
study group leader, you can also receive co-curricular credit. To learn more about the
program and join or start a study group visit:
(Side-note: I am more than happy to have visits from study groups during any of my
office hours, I just can’t promise that there will be seats for everyone!)
Quercus Discussion Board
You are encouraged to both ask AND answer questions about course content on the
course discussion board. The TAs and course instructor will also monitor this board and
provide answers or input when needed. For example, if you have any questions about the
content presented in this syllabus, the discussion board is a perfect place to ask for
clarification - that way everyone can benefit from the response. Any discussion relevant
to social psychology is welcome on the board, as long as it is respectful and courteous.
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Before posting a question, please check to see whether it has already been
Additional TA & Instructor Support
Chapter-Specific Tutorials
The PSY100 TAs will periodically hold tutorials where they review material from the
textbook that is not covered during lecture. These tutorials are completely optional and
information about the dates/times/location of the tutorials (as well as the specific material
to be covered) will be posted to Quercus as it becomes available. Approximately 5
tutorials will be held throughout the semester.
Pre-Test Question & Answer Sessions
Before every term test, the PSY100 TAs will host drop-in Q&A sessions, where you can
come and ask them questions that are relevant to the material on the upcoming test. You
can also attend and just listen to the questions and answers. Information regarding the
dates/times/locations of these pre-test Q&A sessions will be posted to Quercus as it
becomes available
Exam Jam Review Session
“Exam Jam” is an event that is run by the Faculty of Arts and Science and the Arts and
Science Student Union. It is held during the study break before final exams (at this time,
the specific date for December 2018 has not been announced). During this event, I will
hold a review session for the PSY100 exam. The time and location of this review session
will be announced in class, posted on Quercus, and advertised on the Exam Jam website:
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Course Materials
I am very happy to report that the cost for all required materials in this class has been
limited to $59.95 (plus tax). With that said, if your current financial situation will
prevent you from being able to purchase the required materials, please send me an email
(to my personal account). I am dedicated to ensuring that no one is placed at a
disadvantage in this course due to financial difficulties.
Required Materials
Option 1 (recommended):
This option includes a complete e-version of the textbook as well as
access to all of the required homework and additional online resources.
The MindTap version of the textbook is optimized for online viewing
and includes customizable options for text size and read aloud
MindTap Psychology, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access,
Enhanced for Cacioppo/Freberg's Discovering Psychology:
The Science of Mind
o ISBN: 9780357037409
o Price: $59.95 (this is a special price, please make sure you
don’t pay more!)
Option 2:
This option is for those students who wish to have everything included in Option 1, plus a
printed (loose-leaf) copy of the textbook. Because this option is substantially more
expensive, my recommendation is that you stick with the solely online version it saves
both trees and money! But of course you should make whatever decision is best for you.
Bundle: Discovering Psychology: The Science of Mind, Loose-Leaf Version, 3rd
+ MindTap Psychology, 1 term (6 months) Printed Access Card
o ISBN: 9781337746540
o Price: $129.95
How to Purchase
Access cards (and loose-leaf versions of the text, for those selecting option 2) can be
purchased from the University of Toronto Bookstore (either in-store, or online). You
may also pay for access to the materials during the registration process (below).
Registration Instructions:
In order to access our MindTap course, please see the instructions posted on Quercus
( You may register without paying until Sept 20th. After this free
trial ends, you will need to pay in order to continue accessing the course (if you forget
to pay, and your account gets temporarily suspended, don’t worry – none of your work
will be lost!)
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Other Things to Note:
If you would like to read the textbook offline (e.g., on the TTC while you are
commuting), you can download the MindTap Mobile app and download the entire
textbook onto your smartphone. (Please note that this is only for reading you
will need a computer/Internet connection to complete your homework).
A paperback copy of the text will also be available at Robarts Library (see the
Course Reserves desk on the 4th floor). You may view the textbook within the
library for up to three hours at a time.
Getting the most out of MindTap
While only the Mastery Training is “required” (i.e., counts toward your grade in the
course), I highly recommend that you take advantage of the additional resources available
to you in MindTap such as the chapter quizzes and practice questions. One of the
reasons why I do not assign these as ‘homework’ is to encourage you to truly test
yourself try to treat these as real “tests” and do not scroll through the textbook looking
for the answers. Instead, take the opportunity to engage in retrieval practice (as we will
be discussing in class) and actively try to retrieve the information from your head. Even if
you make mistakes, you will learn, because you will be given immediate feedback on
which questions you got right/wrong. And even if you get a bunch wrong, it doesn’t
matter this is just for you. (Please note that these questions have been created by the
textbook publisher, and not myself, so they are not necessarily an accurate reflection of
the types of questions you will see on the term tests/exam but they can certainly help
you gauge whether you have a good handle on the basic concepts/terminology/etc.).
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MindTap Mastery Training 5%
Mastery Training is designed to help ensure that you learn and remember the basic
concepts and terminology from each chapter of the textbook. In other words, it strongly
encourages you to engage in spaced retrieval practice (as we will discuss in class). It is
not difficult to do well on this training, but it does require time and effort. Completion of
the mastery training is worth a small portion (5%) of your overall grade in the course, but
beyond this, you will be grateful for it when the final (cumulative) exam comes around
because the concepts you have covered in the mastery training will (hopefully) still be
remembered, and you will be able to focus your studying on higher-level things, rather
than having to re-learn the basics all over again. Whereas cramming the night before can
be okay for a test taken the next day, spacing out your studying will help you master (i.e.,
actually learn) the material, so that it hasn’t all faded away by the time the final exam
rolls around. There are 12 chapters for which Mastery Training is assigned, and you
must complete the mastery training to the required level for 10 of the assigned chapters
each chapter in order to earn the full 5%. While I recommend that you complete the
mastery training for all of the chapters and that you train beyond the set level, this is the
minimum that must be completed in order to earn this portion of your grade.
Mastery Training is personalized for everyone (based on how well you know the
material), so please refer to your training schedule in MindTap and be sure to make
note of any final training deadlines that are announced in class and on Quercus.
Tests & Exams
Term Test 1 28%
Will consist of 60 multiple choice questions. Covers all lecture and textbook material
from September 6 October 9. Practice questions will be provided. Questions will test
your knowledge of course concepts and material, as well as your ability to apply this
knowledge to novel situations and examples. You will have 1 hour and 45 minutes to
complete the test. Please note that it is held during our regular class time (and thus, it
takes priority over any conflicts you may have). Test locations will be posted on Quercus.
Test date: Thursday, October 11th
Term Test 2 28%
Will consist of 60 multiple choice questions. Covers all lecture and textbook material
from October 16 November 13. Practice questions will be provided. Questions will test
your knowledge of course concepts and material, as well as your ability to apply this
knowledge to novel situations and examples. You will have 1 hour and 45 minutes to
complete the test. Please note that it is held during our regular class time (and thus, it
takes priority over any conflicts you may have). Test locations will be posted on Quercus.
Test date: Thursday, November 15th
Final Exam 35%
This is a cumulative, three-hour exam to be held during the December exam period
which spans from Dec 8th Dec 21st. The exam schedule will be posted sometime in
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October, indicating the time/date/location of the PSY100 exam. Please note that final
exams are conducted by the Faculty of Arts and Science and that if you have a conflict
(e.g., two exams scheduled at the same time), this must be resolved through them (see Please do NOT make any travel
plans that may possibly conflict with your final exam! The exam will consist of 90
multiple choice questions and practice questions will be provided. More information
regarding the final exam will be provided near the end of the semester.
Final Exam Date: TBD (released in October, see:
Experiment Participation - 4%
This involves hands-on participation in psychological research currently being conducted
by faculty members on the St. George campus. Through this process you will visit labs in
the psychology department (located in Sidney Smith Hall) and learn about projects that
are currently being conducted by these investigators. Detailed information regarding
experimental participation and instructions for using the online sign-up system (known as
PSYNUP) are available on Quercus, and will be reviewed in class on Tuesday Sept 11th.
Please remember that all questions regarding experimental participation and use of the
PSYNup system MUST be sent to Hannah at The
course instructor and TAs are unable to help with issues regarding the experimental credit
Tentative window for experiment participation: September 18th December 6th
Notes Regarding Course Marks:
The last day to drop the course (with no record of it on your transcript) and the
date to add or remove CR/NCR option is Monday, November 5th
Marks for term tests will be posted to Quercus as soon it is possible to do so
(typically within one week of the test date).
Your Mastery Training score is available anytime on MindTap please note that
this score will go up and down until you reach the set goal. Final overall Mastery
Training scores (/5), aggregated for your top 10 chapters, will be posted to
Quercus prior to the Final Exam.
Likewise, an ongoing tally of your experiment participation credits (and/or no
shows) will be available via PSYNUP. Your final experiment participation mark
(/4) will be posted to Quercus at the end of the semester.
Marks for the final exam will be available on Quercus after final course marks
have been approved. Final marks for the course (or CR/NCR indication) will be
available on ACORN.
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Class Schedule
*Lecture topics are subject to change at the discretion of the instructor.
Lecture Topic
Assigned Reading
(MT = Mastery Training assigned)
Thurs Sept 6
Introduction to Psychology
Ch. 1: The Discipline of
Psychology (MT)
Article: Optimizing Learning in College
Tues Sept 11
Research Methods I
*PSYNUP presentation
Ch. 2: Methods of Psychology
Thurs Sept 13
Research Methods II
Tues Sept 18
Biological Psychology I
Ch. 3: Nature and Nurture
Intertwined (3-1, 3-3, 3-5)
Ch. 4: The Physical Basis of
Behaviour (MT)
Thurs Sept 20
Biological Psychology II
Tues Sept 25
Sensation & Perception I
Ch. 5: Sensation and
Perception (MT)
Thurs Sept 27
Sensation & Perception II
*Special guest presentation
Tues Oct 2
Stress and Coping
Ch. 16: Stress and Coping (16-1,
16-2, 16-3, 16-4)
Thurs Oct 4
Ch. 11: Life Span Development
Tues Oct 9
Test Review bring your laptop or phone to participate!
Thurs Oct 11
TEST 1 (test locations will be posted on Quercus according to last name)
(11:10am 12:55pm)
Tues Oct 16
Learning I
Ch. 8: Learning (MT)
Thurs Oct 18
Learning II
*Special guest presentation
Tues Oct 23
Attention & Memory
Ch. 9: Memory (MT)
Thurs Oct 25
Memory & Forgetting
Tues Oct 30
Language & Thought
Ch. 10: Thinking, Language &
Intelligence (MT)
Thurs Nov 1
Intelligence, Emotion, &
Ch. 7: Emotion & Motivation
Nov 6 & 8
No Class Fall Reading Week
Tues Nov 13
Test Review bring your laptop or phone to participate!
Thurs Nov 15
TEST 2 (test locations will be posted on Quercus according to last name)
(11:10am 12:55pm)
Tues Nov 20
Personality and the Self
Ch. 12: Personality and the Self
Thurs Nov 22
Social Psychology
Ch. 13: Social Psychology (MT)
Tues Nov 27
Intro to Abnormal Behaviour
Ch. 14: Psychological Disorders
Ch. 15: Therapy
Thurs Nov 29
Disorders & Treatment
*special guest presentation
Tues Dec 4
Catch up/Review/Exam Prep
No new reading/homework
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Other important dates:
Nov 5th: last day to cancel F section code courses without academic penalty; last
day to add or remove a CR/NCR option for F section code courses
Dec 6th: last day to request LWD from F section code courses
The December exam schedule will be released sometime in October. Please do
not make any travel plans (e.g., book flights) until you know the dates of your
Course Policies
Use of Course Materials
Materials provided to you by myself or the PSY100 TAs (including the syllabus, slides,
handouts, lecture recordings, etc.) are for the use of you and your classmates only. They
are not to be posted in any public access forum (e.g., Course Hero) or otherwise
distributed without explicit permission from me.
Please note that students agree to the following terms when creating audio recordings
of lectures:
Recordings are not to be distributed without the permission of the instructor via
the Internet, using social media such as Facebook, peer-to-peer file sharing such
as One Drive or Dropbox, or other distribution channels.
Recordings are not to be shared with other classmates unless they are to be used
in collaborative assignments, or if the instructor permits for other reasons.
Non-compliance with these terms violates an instructor’s intellectual property rights and
the Canadian Copyright Act. Students violating this agreement will be subject to
disciplinary actions under the Code of Student Conduct.
Accommodations for Religious Observances
As a student at the University of Toronto, you are part of a diverse community that
welcomes and includes students and faculty from a wide range of backgrounds, cultural
traditions, and spiritual beliefs. For my part, I will make every reasonable effort to avoid
scheduling tests and other significant course activities on religious holy days not captured
by statutory holidays. Further to University Policy, if you anticipate missing a major
course activity (like a test) due to a religious observance, please let me know as early in
the course as possible, and with sufficient notice (at least two weeks), so that we can
work together to make alternate arrangements.
Academic Integrity and Plagiarism
All students, faculty and staff are expected to follow the University’s guidelines and
policies on academic integrity. For students, this means following the standards of
3-hour cumulative exam to be held during the December exam period. Note: Do not
book flights until exam schedule has been posted!
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academic honesty when writing assignments, collaborating with fellow students, and
writing tests and exams. Ensure that the work you submit for grading represents your
own honest efforts. Plagiarism—representing someone else’s work as your own or
submitting work that you have previously submitted for marks in another class or
programis a serious offence that can result in sanctions. Speak to me or your TA for
advice on anything that you find unclear. To learn more about how to cite and use source
material appropriately and for other writing support, see the U of T writing support
website at Consult the Code of Behaviour on Academic
Matters for a complete outline of the University’s policy and expectations. For more
information, please see and
Missed Term Tests
(**Please note that if you miss the final exam, we cannot help you see you will need to file a
petition for a deferred exam with your College Registrar’s Office.)
You are expected to make every possible effort to complete the scheduled tests and arrive
on time. Failure to take a scheduled test may result in a zero on the test.
What do you need to do to avoid getting a zero?
If you miss a test for a legitimate medical reason, you will need to submit the
appropriate medical documentation within one week of the missed test. The
Verification of Illness & Injury form is now the only acceptable medical
documentation at U of T and must be used for all students who are requesting
special academic consideration based on illness or injury. The form may be
scanned and emailed to the PSY100 email account, or you may submit a hardcopy
to me (either in class or during office hours), or to the Psychology Department
Main Office on the 4th floor of Sidney Smith. Medical documentation must show
that the physician was consulted within one day of the missed term test. If you
have missed the test for a reason other than illness, an official email from your
College Registrar’s office or Accessibility Services may also be considered
acceptable documentation.
What happens after you submit the documentation?
If you miss one term test due to a legitimate absence, your other term test and the
final exam will be reweighted (at 40% and 50%, respectively) to make up for the
missing test (i.e., that missing 28% of your grade). A missing grade in Quercus
means that your documentation has been accepted and your grade will be
reweighted. You do not need to do anything else. If a “0” appears as your mark
for the missed test, this means that either we never received your documentation
or that it was unacceptable for some reason. Please feel free to contact us in this
case. If you miss BOTH term tests for documented reasons, you will need to
take a make-up test. In this rare case, please send an email to either OR by
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Thursday, November 22nd to inform us that you will need to write the make-up
Reviewing Your Tests
The tests and exams for PSY100 are restricted, meaning that you will not be able to keep
your test or answer papers. You are strongly encouraged, however, to review your test, in
order to see which questions you you got correct, and more importantly, which questions
tripped you up. Test review sessions will be held after the grades have been posted for
each test. Please check Quercus and listen in class for announcements about when and
where to review your tests. If you cannot make any of the scheduled test review sessions,
you may send an email to to make alternative arrangements.
Classroom Behaviour
Please be respectful of your classmates, myself, and any classroom guests by behaving in
an appropriate manner during class. This includes refraining from carrying on
conversations during class, arriving on time, and not behaving in any other way that may
be distracting to those around you (e.g., texting, taking photos, playing games, checking
social media, etc.). If you don’t want to pay attention to the lecture, that’s your choice.
But impeding someone else’s learning experience is absolutely unacceptable.
Cellphone and laptop usage. Technology can support student learning, but it can also
become a distraction. Research indicates that multi-tasking (texting, surfing the Internet,
using social networks) during class time can have a negative impact on learning (Clapp,
Rubens, Sabharwal & Gazzaley, 2011; Ellis, Daniels, Jauregui, 2010; Hembrooke & Gay,
2003). Out of respect for your fellow learners in this class, please refrain from using
laptops or mobile phones for entertainment during class and do not display any material
on a laptop which may be distracting or offensive to your fellow students. Laptops may
be used only for legitimate classroom purposes, such as taking notes, downloading course
information from Portal, or working on an assigned in-class exercise. Checking social
media, email, texting, games, and surfing the Web are not legitimate classroom purposes.
Such inappropriate laptop and mobile phone use is distracting to those seated around you.
Harassment/Discrimination. The University of Toronto is a richly diverse community
and as such is committed to providing an environment free of any form of harassment,
misconduct, or discrimination. In this course, I seek to foster a civil, respectful, and open-
minded climate in which we can all work together to develop a better understanding of
key questions and debates through meaningful dialogue. As such, I expect all involved
with this course to refrain from actions or behaviours that intimidate, humiliate, or
demean persons or groups or that undermine their security or self-esteem based on traits
related to race, religion, ancestry, place of origin, colour, ethnic origin, citizenship, creed,
sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, age, marital status, family
status, disability, receipt of public assistance or record of offences.
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Additional Resources
Accessibility Services
Students with diverse learning styles and needs are welcome in this course. If you have
an ongoing disability issue or accommodation need, you should register with
Accessibility Services (AS) ( at the beginning of the academic
year. Without registration, you will not be able to verify your situation with your
instructors, and instructors will not be advised about your accommodation needs. AS will
then assess your medical situation, develop an accommodation plan with you, and
support you in requesting accommodation for your course work. Remember that the
process of accommodation is private: AS will not share details of your condition with any
instructor, and your instructors will not reveal that you are registered with AS.
Accommodation letters may be sent to or to my personal
*Please note: If you require accommodations for tests/exams, it is YOUR responsibility
to register and make arrangements through Accessibility Services. Please see their
website for information and important dates. Information regarding term test dates and
times for PSY100 can be found in the course schedule above.
English Language Learners (ELL) Program
ELL offers a range of programs/workshops/resources to assist all Arts & Science students
who wish improve their English language skills (including reading, listening, speaking,
and writing). Please see their website for more information about these resources.
Additional Student Life Resources
In addition to Accessibility Services, there are many other programs, services, and
resources that are available to U of T students to help with every aspect of “Student Life”
This includes family resources, academic support, extracurricular activities, and more.
Resources of particular interest may include:
Health & Wellness:
Academic Success:
As a student, you may experience challenges that can interfere with learning, such as
strained relationships, increased anxiety, substance use, feeling down, difficulty
concentrating and/or lack of motivation, financial concerns, family worries and so forth.
These factors may affect your academic performance and/or reduce your ability to
participate fully in daily activities. All of us benefit from support and guidance during
times of struggle; there is no shame in needing help or in asking for help. There are many
helpful resources available through your college Registrar or through Student Life
( and An
important part of the University experience is learning how and when to ask for help.
Please take the time to inform yourself of available resources and do not hesitate to seek
assistance from myself or a teaching assistant to help learn what supports are available.
Psychology-Specific Resources
PSY100H1F L0101
Fall 2018
For advice and information on the undergraduate psychology programs offered at U of T,
please visit the department website:
All inquiries about taking PSY courses beyond PSY100 or gaining admission into
a PSY program of study can be sent to Nora Sellers at
For information regarding the Psychology Students’ Association (PSA) please see:
Effective Study Strategies
As will be discussed in class, please see the document in Quercus (under “Course
Materials”) titled “Six Strategies” for information on six evidence-based ways of
learning the course material (1) Spaced Practice, (2) Retrieval Practice, (3)
Elaboration, (4) Interleaving, (5) Concrete Examples, and (6) Dual Coding.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q. Do I have to attend the lectures?
A. No, attendance is not mandatory and will not be taken during lectures. Any form of
participation that occurs during class is completely optional and not associated with any
marks. While I do believe there are many benefits to attending the course lectures,
everyone is encouraged to make the decision that is best for them. However, please note
that there will be a number of questions on every test that come directly from lecture and
not the textbook. Any videos, guest speakers, demonstrations, etc., that occur during class
time are potentially testable material, and there is no guarantee that this information will
be available elsewhere. PowerPoint slides are not a substitution for attending class and
taking your own notes. If you choose to miss a class, you do so at your own risk.
Q. Can I record the lectures?
A. Yes, students may create audio-recordings of the lectures for their personal use.
Please note that students agree to the following terms when creating audio recordings of
Recordings are not to be distributed without the permission of the instructor via
the Internet, using social media such as Facebook, peer-to-peer file sharing such
as One Drive or Dropbox, or other distribution channels.
Recordings are not to be shared with other classmates unless they are to be used
in collaborative assignments, or if the instructor permits for other reasons.
Non-compliance with these terms violates an instructor’s intellectual property rights and
the Canadian Copyright Act. Students violating this agreement will be subject to
disciplinary actions under the Code of Student Conduct. Recordings are intended to
permit lecture content review so as to enhance understanding of the topics
presented. Audio-recordings are not substitutes for attending class. Students should note
that since audio recordings are to be permitted, their voice may be recorded by others
during the class. Please speak to the instructor if this is a concern for you. In accordance
PSY100H1F L0101
Fall 2018
with the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005, persons who have special
needs will be accommodated.
Term Tests
Q. Where do I write my test?
A. Test locations will be posted to Quercus approximately one week before the test date.
They will be listed according to your last name (e.g., “Last names A – Gu: EX188”). So
if your last name is Fitzgerald, for example, you would write your test in room EX188.
Full addresses of each test location will also be provided. You can find information on
any U of T campus building here:
Q. Do we have to know names and dates?
A. You will never be asked to recall a specific date/year on a test (I will generally not ask
you something that you could google an answer to in less than 10 seconds). For the most
part, names will also not be directly tested, but there are some exceptions to this. The
general rule of thumb is, if I talk about this individual during lecture, you should
probably know their name. For example, the individuals that I mention during the
historical overview of psychology (e.g., Wilhelm Wundt, William James, etc.) are people
that you should be familiar with (i.e., you should be able to match this person to their
significant contribution to the field or to the name of the approach or theory they are
known for, etc.). You do NOT have to know names of people are that are simply
provided in parentheses (this goes for both the text and lecture).
Q. I worked really hard - I did all the readings and homework questions, I took
copious notes, I came to every lecture and reviewed my notes frequently - but I
didn’t do well on the test. What am I doing wrong?
A. Cases like this are difficult - first, because I understand how frustrating and
disappointing it can be to find yourself in a situation like this, and second, because there
is isn’t always a clear answer or solution that I am able to provide. It can be very difficult
for me to diagnose exactly what is going on. However, my general advice is as follows:
The first thing you should do is go and review your test. Figure out exactly what
questions you got correct/incorrect, and try to determine if there are any patterns. For
example, perhaps there was one particular chapter that you thought you understood (and
therefore brushed through it while studying), but it turned out didn’t understand it
properly or to the appropriate level of depth that you should have. Or you might discover
that you were reading through the questions on the test too quickly and didn’t take the
time to fully understand what each question was asking. Sometimes a particular type of
multiple choice question might turn out to be particularly challenging for you (e.g., filling
in multiple blanks, or identifying a true/false statement). Other times you might discover
that you simply got really unlucky and every time you narrowed an answer down to two
choices and picked one, you picked wrong. The point is, such things can often go
unnoticed if you don’t take the time to (1) go through your test and (2) reflect on the
results. But you once you’re able to determine the cause(s) of your incorrect responses,
you can then work on addressing the problem for future tests/exams. For example, you
can take extra time when studying for the final exam to review that particular chapter
from test 1 that gave you trouble. Or you can work with your study group to create extra
PSY100H1F L0101
Fall 2018
multiple choice practice questions in that particular format that you really don’t like, so
that you’re more practiced and prepared when the next test rolls around. And of course
you can always come and speak with me if you are having trouble either diagnosing or
solving your test-taking problem. While I can’t promise a foolproof solution, I promise to
listen and offer advice where I can.
Q. How do I review my test(s)?
A. After each term test, the PSY100 TAs will hold special test review sessions where you
can go and view your test alongside an answer key. Please attend these sessions if at all
possible. If you cannot make the review sessions (e.g., because you have another class at
that time), then you can email the TAs ( to arrange an
alternative viewing time. Additional review sessions for both term tests will also be held
at the end of the semester, before the final exam. Information about all test review
sessions will be posted on Quercus. Please note that you MUST have your T-card in
order to view your test, and that no pencils/erasers/notes/phones/cameras are allowed
during the review sessions, in order to maintain the integrity of the review session.
Q. These tests are graded by a machine, why do we have to wait so long for our
A. I hear you. But please understand that many of your classmates will be taking the test
with accessibility/exam services, and that it can take a few days for these tests to make
their way to the Psychology Department. Depending on the time of the semester, many
other courses may also be conducting midterms that involve scantrons, so this can cause
further delays. Once the tests are scanned and I am sent the results, I then personally
review the data that I am provided for every individual question, so that I can ensure each
question was marked correctly and that it was a fair question. Depending on these results,
I may then need to make adjustments (e.g., turning a question into a bonus question).
Finally, before uploading the marks, I do a quick check to try to catch mis-entered
student numbers (e.g., if a student number is missing digits, I will look up the student and
fix the number so that their mark gets uploaded correctly). Each of these things takes
time, and I promise that we are not just being lazy or forgetful if it takes up to a week for
you to get your test results. With that said, if you find yourself in a situation where your
classmates have received their marks but you do not see one for yourself (and you wrote
the test), please email us as soon as possible at so that we can
track down your mark (in 99% of cases, this is because you bubbled in your student
number incorrectly on your scantron!).
Q. I missed the first term test (or the second term test, or I didn’t do as well on a test
as I could have because I wasn’t feeling well had some other situational
circumstance affect my performance) - can I write a make-up test?
A. Unfortunately, no. Due to the size of the course and the nature of the class, there is
only one make-up test offered, and this is taken at the very end of the semester. This test
is ONLY for those individuals who have missed BOTH term tests and who have
submitted acceptable documentation for both of these absences. Please refer to the course
policies section above. Please note that while the rules surrounding the taking of the
make-up test are firm, in very exceptional circumstances, sometimes other things can be
PSY100H1F L0101
Fall 2018
done to help you recover from a very poor mark. These exceptional circumstances
generally require supporting documentation from your College Registrar or other
individual (e.g., counselor) who is aware of your unique situation please have them
contact me in this case.
Q. Can I do something for extra-credit or to make up for missed reading questions
or quizzes?
A. Again, the answer is no. There is only one opportunity for extra credit in this course,
which involves completing the PSYNUP questionnaire at the beginning of the semester
(this earns you a bonus 1% that will be added to your final mark at the very end of the
semester). There are no other opportunities for extra-credit or to earn additional marks in
this course.
PSY100H1F L0101
Fall 2018
(This is your one-page syllabus cheat sheet)
Lectures are Tuesdays (11am-12pm) & Thursdays (11am-1pm) in Con Hall
First day of class is THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 6th
Copies of lecture slides (to aid in note-taking) will be available on Quercus.
Most email should be sent to
Questions about experiment participation or the PSYNUP system must be sent to
Your professor is Dr. Ashley Waggoner Denton. Her office is SS5016F (5th floor,
Sidney Smith Hall). Her office hours are Fridays 12:30-2:30pm OR you can book an
appointment here:
PSY100 TAs have office hours on TBD in
You are encouraged to form study groups! Study groups are always welcome at the
instructor or TA office hours.
Required Materials: Discovering Psychology: The Science of Mind (3rd ed.) by
Cacioppo & Freberg + MindTap Access. You do not have to purchase a print version of
the textbook, unless you want to. The $59.95 MindTap Access with e-text is
recommended. May be purchased online or at the bookstore.
All tests/exams are multiple choice.
Term Test 1 is THURSDAY OCTOBER 11th from 11:10am-12:55pm
Term Test 2 is THURSDAY NOVEMBER 15th from 11:10am-12:55pm
These tests are held during our regular class time, thus they TAKE PRIORITY over any
other scheduling conflicts you might have. The FINAL EXAM will be held sometime
during the December exam period. The Faculty of Arts & Science will post the exam
timetable sometime in October. Do not schedule flights/make travel plans for December
until you know when your exams will be.
REVIEW your tests. Dates/times/location of test review sessions will be posted after
each term test and before the final exam.
DO NOT study by simply reviewing/re-reading your notes or the textbook.
DO study by actively retrieving information from your memory (e.g., by answering
practice questions, using flashcards, etc.).
DO NOT study in a day-before-the-test cram session. DO study in spaced out intervals.
Fall Reading Week (no class) is November 5-9th. Nov 5th is the last day to DROP the
course or change CR/NCR option.
I will see you in class! - AWD

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