1950s and 1960s: boom years of health sector growth. 1970s: goals shifted to rationalization and cost containment. 21st century: public and private health insurance dominant source for funding health care. Austria, australia, belgium, canada, chile, colombia, czech republic, denmark, estonia, finland, France, germany, greece, hungary, iceland, ireland, israel, italy, japan, korea, latvia, lithuania, Luxembourg, mexico, the netherlands, new zealand, norway, poland, portugal, slovak republic, Slovenia, spain, sweden, switzerland, turkey, the united kingdom and the united states. Financed by derived from general revenue taxes; does not preclude other forms of financing. Payroll tax-based financing; except for canada: dominant share of financing from general tax revenues; significant variations. Organization of social insurance programs that reimburse health care providers for services rather than paying for health care directly through the government"s budget. Nil a patchwork of public and private insurance with large gaps in coverage. Medicare - social insurance system for older people and for those with permanent disabilities.